Vol16 No.5: 1065-1074
【Title】Spatiotemporal differentiation of eco-land and factors detection for China's Loess Plateau
【Author】QU Lu-lu1; LIU Yan-sui1,2*; CHEN Zong-feng1
【Addresses】1 Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China; 2 Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
【Corresponding author】LIU Yan-sui
【Citation】Qu LL, Liu YS, Cheng ZF (2019) Spatiotemporal differentiation of eco-land and factors detection for China's Loess Plateau. Journal of Mountain Science 16(5). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-018-5305-7
【Abstract】Eco-land is a basic resource for human beings to survive, and eco-land use is a strategy, a way to manage the land resource. The rapid urbanization process has profoundly changed the spatial pattern of urban and rural land use in China. This paper investigates the spatiotemporal characteristics and mechanisms of urban-rural eco-land using a new and innovative integration way based on eco-land change data in China's Loess Plateau (LP) prefecture level cities and explores factors of eco-land change. The spatial difference characteristic of eco-land among different level cities in the LPis that: small cities > big cities > middle cities. From 2009 to 2016, the eco-land in the LP from the perspective of urban-rural areas has changed significantly. Significant differences of urban-rural eco-land were identified among various urban growth types, and all the cities in the LP were further classified into four types based on eco-land change trend, with type A and B cities identified as the vital zone and major zone. Taking the eco-fragile region Loess Plateau (LP) as an example, our results demonstrated that the migrants to cities in LP could relieve ecological pressures and promote restoration of ecological vegetation. We have demonstrated that urbanization and the influence of government policy can be discerned through the quantification of the spatial-temporal change of eco-land and suggest that combining both urban and rural eco-land can support more effective land use decisions and provide theoretical basis for the practical application of urban planning, policy -making and sustainable development. What's more, governments should strive to population mobility and restore vegetation to sustain this fragile ecological environment.
【Keywords】Eco-land; Comparison analysis; Influential factor; Population migration; Loess Plateau