【Title】Farmer’s Adaptive Strategies on Land Competition between Societal Outcomes and Agroecosystem Conservation in the Purple-soiled Hilly Region, Southwestern China
【Author】TANG Qiang1, 2, BAO Yuhai1, HE Xiubin1*, ZHU Bo1, ZHANG Xinbao1
【Addresses】1 Key Laboratory of Mountain Surface Processes and Ecological Regulation, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China; 2 Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
【Citation】TANG Qiang, BAO Yuhai, HE Xiubin, ZHU Bo, ZHANG Xinbao. Farmer’s Adaptive Strategies on Land Competition between Societal Outcomes and Agroecosystem Conservation in the Purple-soiled Hilly Region, Southwestern China. Journal Of Mountain Science(2012) 9(1): 77–86. DOI: 10.1007/s11629-012-2201-4
【Abstract】The worldwide extension and intensification of farming during the last century has led to ecosystem degradation and caused a series of environmental problems. Conservation of ecosystem services in agricultural regions has been implemented by top-down government actions or initiated by resilience scientists in the developed countries, but little attention was paid in the developing countries, especially in some remote mountainous regions. The present paper presents a case study showing how local farmers obtained both maximal societal outcomes and agroecosystem conservation interests in the absence of distinct boundaries between agricultural and protected ecological areas in the densely populated purple-soiled hilly region of southwestern China. The local community (Yanting County) has developed a mosaic agricultural-forestry-fishery-stock breeding system with spatially targeted land uses, diverse agricultural productions and multiple ecological partnerships. It indicates that the local farmers have hereditarily perceived sound strategies on maximizing sustainable societal outcomes and optimizing trade-offs among macro-market, state policy, new technological facility and ecological reinforcement.
【Keywords】Mosaic agroforestry system; Adaptive strategies; Land competition; Agroecosystem conservation; Purple-soiled hilly region; China