Vol 4 No.2: 124-135
【Title】Mountain commons: changing space and status at community levels in the Himalayas
【Author】Narpat S. JODHA
【Addresses】Sr. Research Associate (Policy Analyst) International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), G.P.O. Box 3226, Kathmandu, Nepal
【Citation】Narpat S. JODHA (2007) Mountain commons: changing space and status at community levels in the Himalayas. JOURNAL OF MOUNTAIN SCIENCE 4(2):124-135. DOI: 10.1007/s11629-007-0124-2
【Abstract】This paper deals with the imperatives of nature-society interaction in the Himalayas as seen through CPR (Common Property Resources). It specifically looks at the process and factors that characterize the dynamics of the above interactions, with particular reference to the changing status and governance of CPRs at community levels. The paper puts together the synthesis of observations and inferences of different studies by ICIMOD and others in mountain regions, particularly in different parts of Nepal, India, Bhutan, Bangladesh, China and Pakistan. Rural CPRs (providing sustenance supplies and services) as an important component of a community's natural resource base, manifest the institutional arrangements evolved by the communities to facilitate their adaptations to nature. The above process can be more clearly illustrated with reference to specific characteristics of mountain areas, called mountain specificities. However, over time, the situation of CPRs in terms of their extent and status, governance and management as well as contributions to community sustenance, has changed. The paper attempts to indicate potential lead lines for searching options for rehabilitation of CPRs, based on a closer understanding of the factors contributing to their decline.
【Keywords】nature-society interaction; common property resources; mountain regions; Himalayas