Vol19 No.6: 1588-1601
【Title】Stability evaluation for steep bank slope with microseismic monitoring in Three Gorges Reservoir area
【Author】XIE Qing-ming1,2*; LONG Kui2; LI Zi-mu3 ; CHEN Li-chuan2; LIU Hong2; XU Hong2 ; HE Fei2 ; LIANG Dan2; XIANG Xue-kun2; MA Qiang4
【Addresses】1 Chongqing College of Electronic Engineering, Chongqing 401331, China; 2 Technology Innovation Center of Geohazards Automatic Monitoring, Ministry of Natural Resources, Chongqing Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources, Chongqing 401120, China; 3 College of Computer and Information Science College of Software, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China; 4 Chongqing Rail Transit Design and Research Institute, Chongqing 401122, China
【Corresponding author】XIE Qing-ming
【Citation】Xie QM, Long K, Li ZM (2022) Stability evaluation for steep bank slope with microseismic monitoring in Three Gorges Reservoir area. Journal of Mountain Science 19(6). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-020-6405-8
【Abstract】Rock slide is one of the common geohazard in the Three Gorges Reservoir area, and it affects the shipping of the Yangtze River and the safety of people living on the banks. In order to investigate the internal fracturing mechanism of rock mass, distributed microseismic monitoring network was arranged with 15 three component geophones (3C geophones), deployed at borehole and out of the sliding mass in the unstable Dulong slope. Stein Unbiased Risk Estimation (SURE) method was used to noise suppression for the microseismic record, and decomposition parameters of the Continuous Wavelet Transform (CWT) were determined with maximum energy of correlation coefficient (MECC) method. The signal-to-noise ratio was tripled after the process, and source parameters are obtained with full waveform inversion. The rupture volume model was counted by the irregular grid statistics with the events' density. It shows that the rock slide is of a small scale and composed of a single block. Moreover, the relationship among microseismicity, displacement and rainfall were discussed in the paper. The deformation rate was dramatically changed in the period of intensive events. There is a good consistency especially in the rainfall period. Although there is a time delay, continuous rainfall is more likely to cause the increase of microseismic events. The results show that the Dulong slope is a shallow rock slide in the state of creep deformation, and the rupture mechanism of the rock mass is left-lateral normal fault with shear failure. The research provides more key information for the early warning and prevention of rock slides and helps to reduce the risk of geohazards.
【Keywords】Stability evaluation; Microseismic monitoring; Rock slide; Rainfall; Displacement