Tourism management in national parks: Šumava and Bayerischer Wald (Bavarian Forest) in the Czech-German borderland Tourism management in national parks: Šumava and Bayerischer Wald (Bavarian Forest) in the Czech-German borderland

最小化 最大化

Vol18 No.9: 2213-2239

Title】Tourism management in national parks: Šumava and Bayerischer Wald (Bavarian Forest) in the Czech-German borderland

Author】Krzysztof Kołodziejczyk

Addresses】Department of Regional Geography and Tourism, Institute of Geography and Regional Development, Faculty of Earth Sciences and Environmental Management, University of Wroclaw, 54-152 Wroclaw, Poland

Corresponding author】Krzysztof Kołodziejczyk

Citation】Kołodziejczyk K (2021) Tourism management in national parks: Šumava and Bayerischer Wald (Bavarian Forest) in the Czech-German borderland. Journal of Mountain Science 18(9). https://doi.org/10.1007s11629-021-6853-9

DOI】https://doi.org/10.1007s11629-021-6853-9

Abstract】Along the Czech-German border there are four national parks, two Czech and two German, arranged in cross-border ‘pairs'. This article focuses on the southern ‘pair' formed by the parks of Šumava and Bayerischer Wald (Bavarian Forest). The aim is to evaluate and compare tourism organization in their areas, taking into account selected aspects of management: the network of hiking trails with its related infrastructure, transport accessibility, a typology of tourist centers, as well as directions and destinations of tourist movements. Based on the results, it can be concluded that the availability of geographical space for tourists is much greater in the German than in the Czech national park, and the tourism infrastructure is clearly more extensive there, including the network of tourist trails. This is mainly due to the longer and fairly uninterrupted development of tourism in this area. Šumava National Park can be identified as a model in terms of how to adjust the directions of tourist movements and the layout of the tourist trail network to the needs of natural environment. On the basis of observations in both national parks, it is possible to indicate various solutions that, after appropriate adaptation, may bring benefits to other protected areas.

Keywords】National parks; Tourism management; Tourism infrastructure; Tourist trails; Šumava; Bayerischer Wald (Bavarian Forest)