Does polar amplification exist in Antarctic surface during the recent four decades? Does polar amplification exist in Antarctic surface during the recent four decades?

最小化 最大化

Vol18 No.10: 2626-2634

Title】Does polar amplification exist in Antarctic surface during the recent four decades?

Author】WANG Shi-meng1; XIE Ai-hong1*; ZHU Jiang-ping1,2*

Addresses】1 State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Sciences, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China; 2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

Corresponding author】XIE Ai-hong; ZHU Jiang-ping

Citation】Wang SM, Xie AH, Zhu JP (2021) Does polar amplification exist in Antarctic surface during the recent four decades?. Journal of Mountain Science 18(10). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-021-6912-2

DOI】https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-021-6912-2

Abstract】There are numerous studies on polar amplification and its influence on mid-latitude weather and climate. However, assessments on whether polar amplification occurs in Antarctica are rarely conducted. Based on the latest atmospheric reanalysis of ERA5 produced by European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), we have defined the Antarctic amplification index, and calculated the trend of annual and seasonal Surface Air Temperature (SAT) mean during 1979-2019 for Antarctic Ice Sheet (AIS) and the trend mean of different meridional sectors of Antarctic sub regions including EastAntarctic Ice Sheet (EAIS), West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) and Antarctic Peninsula (AP). Antarctic amplification shows regional differences and seasonal variations. Antarctica shows a slight warming with the largest magnitude in AP. The temperature anomalies indicate the least fluctuations in austral summer, and the more fluctuations in winter and spring. In austral summer, the warming trend domains EAIS and WAIS, while the cooling trend appears over AP. The zonal mean in Southern Hemisphere maintains a warming trend in the low latitudes, and fluctuates greatly in the middle and high latitudes. The strongest Antarctic amplification phenomenon occurs in spring, with the amplification index of 1.20. For AP, the amplification occurs in austral autumn, and the amplification index is 2.16. At South Pole and the surrounding regions, SAT for land only fluctuates largely and shows different trends in different seasons. The mechanism of Antarctic amplification is unclear till now, and its research suffers from the limitation of measured data. This suggests that future research needs progress in comprehensive ground observation network, remote sensing data accumulation, and high-resolution climate modeling with better representation of both atmospheric and cryospheric processes in Antarctica.

Keywords】Antarctic amplification; Surface air temperature; Meridional Sectors; Three Antarctic sub regions