Dynamic prediction of landslide displacement using singular spectrum analysis and stack long short-term memory network Dynamic prediction of landslide displacement using singular spectrum analysis and stack long short-term memory network

最小化 最大化

Vol18 No.10: 2597-2611

Title】Dynamic prediction of landslide displacement using singular spectrum analysis and stack long short-term memory network

Author】LI Li-min; Zhang Ming-yue*; WENZong-zhou

Addresses】College of Electronics and Information, Xi'an Polytechnic University, Xi'an 710048, China

Corresponding author】Zhang Ming-yue

Citation】Li LM, Zhang MY, Wen ZZ (2021) Dynamic prediction of landslide displacement using singular spectrum analysis and stack long short-term memory network. Journal of Mountain Science 18(10). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-021-6824-1

DOI】https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-021-6824-1

Abstract】An accurate landslide displacement prediction is an important part of landslide warning system. Aiming at the dynamic characteristics of landslide evolution and the shortcomings of traditional static prediction models, this paper proposes a dynamic prediction model of landslide displacement based on singular spectrum analysis (SSA) and stack long short-term memory (SLSTM) network. The SSA is used to decompose the landslide accumulated displacement time series data into trend term and periodic term displacement subsequences. A cubic polynomial function is used to predict the trend term displacement subsequence, and the SLSTM neural network is used to predict the periodic term displacement subsequence. At the same time, the Bayesian optimization algorithm is used to determine that the SLSTM network input sequence length is 12 and the number of hidden layer nodes is 18. The SLSTM network is updated by adding predicted values to the training set to achieve dynamic displacement prediction. Finally, the accumulated landslide displacement is obtained by superimposing the predicted value of each displacement subsequence. The proposed model was verified on the Xintan landslidein Hubei Province,China. The results show that when predicting the displacement of the periodic term, the SLSTM network has higher prediction accuracy than the support vector machine (SVM) and auto regressive integrated moving average (ARIMA). The mean relative error (MRE) is reduced by 4.099% and 3.548% respectively, while the root mean square error (RMSE) is reduced by 5.830 mm and 3.854 mm respectively. It is concluded that the SLSTM network model can better simulate the dynamic characteristics of landslides.

Keywords】Landslide;Singular spectrum analysis;Stack long short-term memory network; Dynamic displacement prediction