Vol18 No.10: 2761-2775
【Title】A new strategy combined HASM and classical interpolation methods for DEM construction in areas without sufficient terrain data
【Author】WANG Jing;ZHAO Ming-wei*; JIANG Ling; YANG Can-can; HUANG Xiao-li; XU Yan; LU Jie
【Addresses】Geographic Information and Tourism College, Chuzhou University, Chuzhou 239000, China
【Corresponding author】ZHAO Ming-wei
【Citation】Wang J, Zhao MW, Jiang L, et al. (2021) A new strategy combined HASM and classical interpolation methods for DEM construction in areas without sufficient terrain data. Journal of Mountain Science 18(10). https://doi.org/10.1007s11629-020-6655-5
【Abstract】Spatial interpolation is an important method in the process of DEM construction. However, DEMs constructed by interpolation methods may induce serious distortion of surface morphology in areas lack of terrain data. In order to solve this problem, this paper proposes a strategy combining high-accuracy surface modeling (HASM) and classical interpolation methods to construct DEM. Firstly, a triangulated irregular network (TIN) is built based on the original terrain data, and the area of the triangles in the TIN is used to determine whether to add supplementary altimetric points (SA-Points). Then, classical interpolation methods, such as Inverse Distance Weighted (IDW) method, Kriging, and Spline, are applied to assign elevation values to the SA-Points. Finally, the SA-Points are merged with the original terrain data, and HASM is used to construct DEM. In this research, two test areas which are located in Nanjing suburb in Jiangsu Province and Guiyang suburb in Guizhou Province are selected to verify the feasibility of the new strategy. The study results show that: (1) The combination of HASM and classical interpolation methods can significantly improve the elevation accuracy of DEMs compared with DEM constructed by a single method. (2) The process of adding SA-Points proposed in this study can be repeated in many times. For the test areas in this paper, compared with the results with only one execution, the results with more executions are in much more accordance with the actual terrain. (3) Among all the methods discussed in this paper, the one combined HASM and Kriging produce the best result. Compared with the HASM alone, absolute mean error (MAE) and root mean square error (RMSE) of the best result were reduced from 1.29 m and 1.83 m to 0.68 m and 0.45 m (the first test area), and from 0.32 m and 0.38 m to 0.21 m and 0.28 m ( The second test area).
【Keywords】Spatial interpolation; HASM; SA-Points; Morphological accuracy; Elevation accuracy