Vol18 No.1: 111-125
【Title】Multifractal characteristics and spatial variability of soil particle-size distribution in different land use patterns in a small catchment of the Three Gorges Reservoir Region, China
【Author】CHEN Tai-li1,2; SHI Zhong-lin1; WEN An-bang1; YAN Dong-chun1*; GUO Jin3; CHEN Jia-cun1,2; LIU Yuan1,2; CHEN Rui-yin
【Addresses】1 Key Laboratory of Mountain Surface Processes and Ecological Regulation, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China; 2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China; 3 Department of Resources and Environmental Engineering, Sichuan Water Conservancy Vocational College, Chengdu 611231, China
【Corresponding author】YAN Dong-chun
【Citation】Chen TL, Shi ZL, Wen AB, et al. (2021) Multifractal characteristics and spatial variability of soil particle-size distribution in different land use patterns in a small catchment of the Three Gorges Reservoir Region, China. Journal of Mountain Science 18(1). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-020-6112-5
【Abstract】Characterizing soil particle-size distribution is a key measure towards soil property. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the multifractal characteristics of soil particle-size distribution among different land-use from a purple soil catchment and to generalize the spatial variation trend of multifractal parameters across the catchment. A total of 84 soil samples were collected from four kinds of land use patterns (dry land, orchard, paddy, and forest) in an agricultural catchment in the Three Gorges Reservoir Region, China. The multifractal analysis method was applied to quantitatively characterize the soil particle size distribution. Six soil particle size distribution (PSD) multifractal parameters (D(0),D(1), D(2), Da(q), Df[a(q)],α(0)) were computed. Additionally, a geostatistical analysis was employed to reveal the spatial differentiation and map the spatial distribution of these parameters.Evident multifractal characteristics were found. The trend of generalized dimension spectrum of four land use patterns was basically consistent with the range of 0.8 to 2.0.However, orchard showed the largest monotonic decline, while the forest demonstrated the smallest decrease. D(0) of the four land use patterns were ranked as: dry land < orchard < forest < paddy, the order of D(1) was: dry land < paddy < orchard < forest, D(2) presented a rand-size relationship as dry land < forest < paddy < orchard. Furthermore, all land-use patterns presented as Δf[α(q)] < 0.The rand-size relationship of α(0) was same as D(0).The best-fitting model for D(0), D(1) , D(2) and Δf[α(q)] wasspherical model, for Δα(q) was gaussian model, and for α(0)was exponential model with structure variance ratio was 1.03% , 49.83%, 0.84%, 1.48%, 22.20% and 10.60%, respectively. The results showed that soil particles of each land use pattern were distributed unevenly.The multifractal parameters under different land use have significant differences, except for Δα(q). Differences in the composition of soil particles lead to differences in the multifractal properties even though they belong to the same soil texture. Farming behavior may refine particles andenhance the heterogeneity of soil particle distribution. Our results provide an effective reference for quantifying the impact of human activities on soil system in the Three GorgesReservoir region.
【Keywords】Land use patterns; Purple soil; Multifractal characteristics; Particle size distribution; Geostatistics; Spatial variability