Chinese public participation monitoring and warning system for geological hazards Chinese public participation monitoring and warning system for geological hazards

最小化 最大化

Vol17 No.7: 1553-1564

Title】Chinese public participation monitoring and warning system for geological hazards

Author】WU Sheng-nan1,3,6,7; LEI Yu2; CUI Peng1,3,4*; CHEN Rong2; YIN Pi-hua5

Addresses】1 Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 10010, China; 2 Key Laboratory of Mountain Hazards and Earth Surface Processes, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China; 3 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China; 4 CAS Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; 5 Liangshan Prefecture Geological Environmental Center, Liangshan 615000, China; 6 Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster, Ministry of Education, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China.; 7 Faculty of Geographical Science, Academy of Disaster Reduction and Emergency Management, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China

Corresponding author】CUI Peng

Citation】Wu SN, Lei Y, Cui P, et al. (2020) Chinese public participation monitoring and warning system for geological hazards. Journal of Mountain Science 17(7). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-019-5933-6

DOI】https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-019-5933-6

Abstract】In China, many geological hazards occurred in remote mountainous regions, and it was time-consuming to disseminate disaster information for the responsible parties to make timely judgements. Besides, only relying on professionals to monitor and manage disasters was demanding and costly. The Chinese government created a system to engage residents in the process of disaster risk management, namely ‘Public Participation Monitoring and Warning' (PPMW),to disseminate timely disaster information and bring down management costs. The objective of this system was to reduce casualties with minimum cost by organizing residents to evacuate from disasters in advance. This paper introduced the PPMW system, including its structure, operation mechanism by reviewing government documents and research articles, and its implementation by a case study of a landslide at Boli village (E 101°01', N 27°29'), Yanyuan County, Sichuan Province, China on July 19th 2018. Further, this paper analyzed the strengths and limitations of the system and discussed its future development. It had the potential to become an affordable disaster risk management tool for other countries facing similar situations to China.

Keywords】Geological hazard; Monitoring and early warning; Disaster risk management; Public participation; Affordable solution