Vol17 No.4: 851-870
【Title】Lake inventory and potentially dangerous glacial lakes in the Nyang Qu Basin of China between 1970 and 2016
【Author】QI Miao-miao1; LIU Shi-yin1,2*; YAO Xiao-jun3; Richard Grünwald1; GAO Yong-peng1; DUAN Hong-yu3; LIU Juan3
【Addresses】1 Institute of International Rivers and Eco-Security, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091, China; 2 Yunnan Key Laboratory of International Rivers and Transboundary Eco-security, Kunming 650091, China; 3 College of Geography and Environment Sciences, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China
【Corresponding author】LIU Shi-yin
【Citation】Qi MM, Liu SY, Yao XJ, et al. (2020) Lake inventory and potentially dangerous glacial lakes in the Nyang Qu Basin of China between 1970 and 2016. Journal of Mountain Science 17(4). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-019-5675-5
【Abstract】There are a large number of glaciers and lakes developed in the Nyang Qu Basinof China. Recent climate change has significant impacted on the high-mountain glacial environment. Rapid melting of glaciers contributes to the formation and expansion of moraine-dammed lakes which increase the probability of glacial lake outburst floods (GLOFs). We calculated a multi-temporal lake inventory based on (1) topographic maps in the 1970s, (2) satellite imageries from 1990 to 2016, (3) First Chinese Glacier Inventory (FCGI), (4) Glacier Inventory of Southeastern Tibet (GIST) and (5) meteorological data. A total of 880 lakes (>0.01 km2) have been mapped in 2016, with 318 being glacial lakes (GLs) and 462 non-glacier lakes (NGLs). Most of the lakes were mainly located at 4500 m a.s.l. and the lakes dominated by small lakes (<0.1 km2) where the change of their actual sizes are more significant compared to the larger ones. Meanwhile, we found that there were 178 newly formed GLs and 51 of them had disappeared between 1970 and 2016. During the same period, there can be identified 157 newly formed GLs and 226 had disappeared. We additionally performed a hazard and risk assessment for GL in 2016 and exposed 14potentially dangerous moraine-dammed lakes (PDMDLs), covering a total area of 5.88 km2 in the Nyang Qu Basin. There can be found 4 GLs with very high risk, 3 GLs with high risk, 4 GLs with medium risk and 4 GLs with low risk of GLOFs susceptibility. The findings of this study can be used for the future policy of risk management and also be adapted for promoting water resources management.
【Keywords】Lake Inventory; Potentially dangerous moraine-dammed lakes (PDMDLs); Hazard assessment; Tibetan Plateau; Nyang Qu Basin