【Title】Environmental influence in the forested area toward human health: incorporating the ecological environment into art psychotherapy
【Author】Ju-hyoung LEE1; Ji-sook PARK2; Sunnam CHOI2*
【Addresses】1 Department of Forest Resources and Landscape Architecture, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan 38541, South Korea; 2 Department of Art Therapy, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan 38541, South Korea
【Corresponding author】Sunnam CHOI
【Citation】LEE JH, Park JS, Choi S (2020) Environmental influence in the forested area toward human health: incorporating the ecological environment into art psychotherapy. Journal of Mountain Science 17(4). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-019-5774-3
【Abstract】This study on the development of a psychotherapy program based on the relationship between forests and human health focused on actively considering the natural ecological environment. This study categorized and compared an art psychotherapy program that simply moved to an outdoor space and a forest-art therapy program that actively utilized the forest environment as a medium. The characteristics of the natural environment, such as openness, change, and diversity, shortened the amount of time participants took to develop a rapport and open up and played a vital role in recovering mental health. After a bold attempt at integrating forest environment and art psychotherapy by going beyond outdoor art therapy, there were significant results pertaining to improvements in mental disorders in today's society, including stress vulnerabilities, depression, anxiety, and aggression. The research results verified that the developed forest-art therapy method had greater efficacy in relation to both the Stress Vulnerability - Interpersonal Sensitivity Scale and the Stress Vulnerability - Self-Regulation Scale.
【Keywords】Forest therapy;Human health;Healing forest;Art therapy;Forest environment