Assessment of seismic ground motion amplification and liquefaction at a volcanic area characterized by residual soils Assessment of seismic ground motion amplification and liquefaction at a volcanic area characterized by residual soils

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Vol17 No.3: 740-752

Title】Assessment of seismic ground motion amplification and liquefaction at a volcanic area characterized by residual soils

Author】Luca MATASSONI1*; Andrea FIASCHI2

Addresses】1 Fondazione Parsec, Via Galcianese, 20/H, 59100 Prato, Italy (former), now at Città Metropolitana di Firenze, Direzione Progetti Strategici, Via Cavour, 1, 50129 Firenze, Italy; 2 Fondazione Parsec, Via Galcianese, 20/H, 59100 Prato, Italy

Corresponding author】Luca MATASSONI

Citation】Matassoni L, FiaschiA (2020) Assessment of seismic ground motion amplification and liquefaction at a volcanic area characterized by residual soils. Journal of Mountain Science 17(3). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-019-5753-8

DOI】https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-019-5753-8

Abstract】Aseismic hazard was assessed related to site effects at Abbadia San Salvatore of Central Italy on the Mt. Amiata slopes, an ancient volcanic area characterized by residual soils (thick layers of loose to dense sands originated from weathering of the trachy-dacitic lavas).The seismic ground amplification and soil liquefaction related to these layers were recognized as the major seismic hazards for the area. Geological, geophysical, and geotechnical surveys were carried out on the volcanic rocks. The Horizontal-to-Vertical Spectral Ratio (HVSR) analysis of 252 noise measurements and 29 shear-wave velocity models of the subsoil allowed a seismic microzonation of the studied area, distinguished by thick weathered volcanic sands and shear-wave impedance contrast with respect to the seismic bedrock (volcanic bedrock). The differentiation of classified zones allowed recognition of areas characterized by residual (almost undisturbed) soils from those with soils probably affected by flowing water. The analysis of hazards revealed that peak acceleration by seismic amplification of ground motion exceeded the value set by the national rules (0.175g) in a restricted area of the zone characterized by the most perturbed soils (Zone D); the potential occurrence of soil liquefaction was also greater in this zone. Finally, the study showed potential high hazards due to site effects of the volcanic mountainous area characterized by residual soils as opposed to an alluvial plain formed by volcanic debris where these effects have generally been more recognized.

Keywords】Site effects;Residual soils;Volcanic mountain area;Seismic ground amplification;Soil liquefaction;Shear wave velocity.