Vol17 No.2: 316-328
【Title】Slope structures and formation of rock–soil aggregate landslides in deeply incised valleys
【Author】BAI Yong-jian1,2*; WANG Yun-sheng1; GE Hua2; TIE Yong-bo2
【Addresses】1 State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention and Geoenvironment Protection, Chengdu University of technology, Chengdu 610059, China; 2 Chengdu Center of China Geological Survey, Chengdu 610081, China
【Corresponding author】BAI Yong-jian
【Citation】Bai YJ, Wang YS, Ge H, Tie YB (2020) Slope structures and formation of rock–soil aggregate landslides in deeply incised valleys. Journal of Mountain Science 17(2). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-019-5623-4
【Abstract】Rock–soil aggregate landslides (RSALs) are a common geological hazard in deeply incised valleys in southwestern China. Large-scale RSALs are widely distributed in the upper reaches of the Dadu River, Danba County, Sichuan Province, and are influenced by slope structure, which can be divided into open, lock, strip, and dumbbell types, as well as soil type and meso-structure, which can be classified as layered rock–soil aggregate, block-soil, and grain-soil. In this study, the evolution of four types of structures, such as layered-dumbbell, block-soil lock, banded block-soil, and block-soil open types, were analyzed by field surveys, surface and deep displacement monitoring, and Flac3D. It was found that the Danba reach of the Dadu River showed incised valley through the evolution from wide to slow valley affected by internal and external geological processes since the Quaternary Glaciation. In the layered-dumbbell rock–soil aggregate, the main sliding pattern is multi-stage sliding at different depths. Circular sliding in the trailing edge and plane sliding along the bedrock in the front edge body occur in the block-soil-lock type aggregate. Large-scale multi-level and circular sliding over long distances occur in the banded block-soil aggregate. The block-soil open type is stable, with only circular sliding occurring in local and shallow surfaces of the body. The monitoring and numerical simulation results further show that slope structure and regularity have diversified with RSALs. The results provide a basis for analyzing the stability mechanism of RSALs and preventing RSALs in deeply incised valleys.
【Keywords】Slope structures; Formation evolution; Rock–soil aggregate; Deeply incised valleys