Vol17 No.2: 480-491
【Title】Determination of influential parameters for prediction of total sediment loads in mountain rivers using kernel-based approaches
【Author】Kiyoumars ROUSHANGAR1,2*; Saman SHAHNAZI1
【Addresses】1 Department of Water Resource Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran; 2 Center of Excellence in Hydroinformatics, University of Tabriz, 29 Bahman Ave, Tabriz, Iran.
【Corresponding author】Kiyoumars ROUSHANGAR
【Citation】Roushangar K, Shahnazi S (2020) Determination of influential parameters for prediction of total sediment loads in mountain rivers using kernel-based approaches. Journal of Mountain Science 17(2). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-018-5156-2
【Abstract】It is important to have a reasonable estimation of sediment transport rate with respect to its significant role in the planning and management of water resources projects. The complicate nature of sediment transport in gravel-bed rivers causes inaccuracies of empirical formulas in the prediction of this phenomenon. Artificial intelligences as alternative approaches can provide solutions to such complex problems. The present study aimed at investigating the capability of kernel-based approaches in predicting total sediment loads and identification of influential parameters of total sediment transport. For this purpose, Gaussian process regression (GPR), Support vector machine (SVM) and kernel extreme learning machine (KELM)are applied to enhance the prediction level of total sediment loads in 19 mountain gravel-bed streams and rivers located in the United States. Several parameters based on two scenarios are investigated and consecutive predicted results are compared with some well-known formulas. Scenario 1 considers only hydraulic characteristics and on the other side, the second scenario was formed using hydraulic and sediment properties. The obtained results reveal that using the parameters of hydraulic conditions as inputs gives a good estimation of total sediment loads. Furthermore, it was revealed that KELM method with input parameters of Froude number (), ratio of average velocity () to shear velocity () and shields number() yields a correlation coefficient (R) of 0.951, a Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency (NSE) of 0.903 and root mean squared error (RMSE) of 0.021 and indicates superior results compared with other methods. Performing sensitivity analysis showed that the ratio of average velocity to shear flow velocity and the Froude number are the most effective parameters in predicting total sediment loads of gravel-bed rivers.
【Keywords】Total sediment loads; Support vector machine; Gaussian process regression; Kernel extreme learning machine; Mountain Rivers