Vol16 No.6: 1258-1274
【Title】Experimental investigation on the failure mechanismof a rock landslide controlled by a steep-gentle discontinuity pair
【Author】HUANG Da1,2; ZHONG Zhu1*; GU Dong-ming1
【Addresses】1 State Key Laboratory of Coal Mine Disaster Dynamics and Control, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China; 2 School of Civil and Transportation Engineering, Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin 300401, China
【Corresponding author】ZHONG Zhu
【Citation】Huang D, Zhong Z, Gu DM (2019) Experimental investigation on the failure mechanismof a rock landslide controlled by a steep-gentle discontinuity pair. Journal of Mountain Science 16(6). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-018-5333-3
【Abstract】A type of rock landslide is very common in practical engineering, whose stability is mainly controlled by the rock bridge between the steep tensile crack at the crest and the low-inclination weak discontinuities at the toe (namely, ligament is the term for the locking section in the slope). To obtain a deeper understanding into the failure process of this kind of landslide, twenty-four physical slope models containing a steep-gentle discontinuity pair(a steep crack in the upper part and a low-inclination discontinuity in the lower part) were tested by applying vertical loads at the crests. The results indicate that the inclination angle of the ligament (θ) has great influence on the failure and stability of this type of rock slope. With the change of θ, three failure patterns (five subtypes) concerning the tested slopes can be observed, i.e., tensile failure of the ligament (Type 1), tension-shear failure of the ligament (Type 2) and two-stage failure of the main body (Type 3). The failure process of each failure mode presents five stages in terms of crack development, vertical load, horizontal/vertical displacements and strains in the ligaments. The specific range of the ligament angle between different failure patterns is summarized.The discussion on the failure resistances and ductility of different failure patterns, and the guiding significances of the experimental findingsto the stability evaluation and the reinforcement were conducted.
【Keywords】Rock landslide; Failure pattern; Failure evolution; Locking section; Crack coalescence.