Plant water use strategies in the Shapotou artificial sand-fixed vegetation of the southeastern margin of the Tengger Desert, northwestern China Plant water use strategies in the Shapotou artificial sand-fixed vegetation of the southeastern margin of the Tengger Desert, northwestern China

最小化 最大化

Vol16 No.4: 898-908

Title】Plant water use strategies in the Shapotou artificial sand-fixed vegetation of the southeastern margin of the Tengger Desert, northwestern China

Author】ZHAO Liang-ju1,2*; WANG Xiao-gang1; ZHANG Yu-cui3*; XIE Cong1; LIU Quan-yu1,4; MENG Fei1

Addresses】1 Key Laboratory of Earth Surface System and Environmental Carrying Capacity, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Northwest University, Xi'an 710127, China; 2 Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China; 3 Key Laboratory of Agricultural Water Resources, Center for Agricultural Resources Research, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shijiazhuang 050021, China; 4 College of Tourism and Environment, Ankang University, Ankang 725000, China

Corresponding author】ZHAO Liang-ju; ZHANG Yu-cui

Citation】Zhao LJ, Wang XG, Zhang YC, et al. (2019) Plant water use strategies in the Shapotou artificial sand-fixed vegetation of the southeastern margin of the Tengger Desert, northwestern China. Journal of Mountain Science 16(4). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-018-5028-9

DOI】https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-018-5028-9

Abstract】Stable oxygen and hydrogen isotopic compositions (δ18Oand δD) of plant xylem water and its potential water sources can provide new information for studying water sources, competitive interactions and water use patterns of plants. The contributions of different water sources to three plants, Hedysarum scoparium (HS), Caragana Korshinskii (CK) and Artemisia ordosica (AO), were investigated in the artificial sand-fixed vegetation of Shapotou, the southeastern margin of the Tengger Desert of northwestern China, based on meteorological data and δ18O and δD values of precipitation, groundwater, soil water and xylem water of HS, CK and AO. Our results indicated that soil water infiltration through precipitation was the main water source of the artificial sand-fixed vegetation. Obvious differences in soil water content and in δ18O of soil water and xylem water were found among different seasons. No relationship was found between the δ18Oin plant xylem water and in soil water in January. The same water use patterns were found in CK, HS and AO in May, suggesting they have the same water sources. The different water sources of CK, HS and AO in August indicate that water competition occurred. In addition, the main water sources of CK, HS and AO in August mainly come from shallow soil water, while they use relatively deep soil water in May. This phenomenon is related to the differences of soil water content throughout soil profile, precipitation, transpiration and water competition under different growth periods. The water use patterns of CK, HS and AO respond to soil water content throughout the soil profileand their competition balance for water uptake during different growth season. The results indicate that these sand-fixed plants have developed into a relatively stable stage and they are able to regulate their water use behavior as a response to the environmental conditions, which reinforces the effectiveness of plantation of native shrubs without irrigation in degraded areas.

Keywords】Plant water source; Stable hydrogen andoxygen isotopes;Artificialand sand-fixed vegetation inShapotou