Vol16 No.11: 2548-2561
【Title】Wind and sand control by an oasis protective system: a case from the southeastern edge of the Tengger Desert, China
【Author】XIE Yun-hu1,2,4,5; DANG Xiao-hong1,3; MENG Zhong-ju1; JIANG Hong-tao2; LI Xiao-jia2; ZHOU Rui-ping2; ZHOU Dan-dan2; LIU Xiao-xi2; DING Jing2; WU Xue-qin2; WANG Yu-hao2; HAI Chun-xing2; WANG Ji1,3*
【Addresses】1 College of Desert Contol Science and Engineering, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Hohhot 010018, China; 2 College of Geographical Science, Inner Mongolia Normal University, Hohhot 010022, China; 3 National Positioning Observation Research Station of Hangjin Desert Ecosystem, Ordos 017400, China; 4 Key Laboratory of Mongolian Plateau Environment and Global Change, Hohhot 010022, China; 5 Inner Mongolia Repair Engineering Laboratory of Wetland Eco Environment System, Hohhot 010022, China
【Corresponding author】WANG Ji
【Citation】XIE YH, Dang XH, Meng ZJ, et al. (2019) Wind and sand control by an oasis protective system: a case from the southeastern edge of the Tengger Desert, China. Journal of Mountain Science 16(11). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-019-5486-8
【Abstract】Wind and sand control are important factors in combating desertification and protecting oases. An oasis protective system can provide these benefits, but quantitative research on protection effects has been lacking to date. This research describes an oasis protective system in the southeastern border of the Tengger Desert. The system consists of a sand barrier belt, a shrub and herbaceous plant belt, and a farmland shelter belt. The system was compared to a bare dunes area as the control zone. The study investigated windproof effect, sediment transport, and erosion through field observations. Results showed that the roughness of the shrub and herbaceous plant belt, farmland shelter belt, and sand barrier belt were increased compared with bare dunes. The shrub and herbaceous plant belt provided the highest windproof effect values for the same wind velocity measurement height, and the windproof effect values for different protective belts were as follows: shrub and herbaceous plant belt > farmland shelter belt > sand barrier belt. The sand barrier belt provided effective wind and sand control at heights from 0 to 50 cm above the ground. The total sediment transport for each protective belt is as follows: bare dunes > sand barrier belt > shrub and herbaceous plant belt > farmland shelter belt. The sediment transport decreased exponentially as the height increased. In the bare dunes and protective systems, the sediment transport is mainly within 30 cm of the ground surface. The wind erosion intensity for this protective system was as follows: bare dunes > sand barrier belt > shrub and herbaceous plant belt > farmland shelter belt. This research offers quantitative evidence for how oasis protective systems can effectively intercept sand and prevent erosion in oases. The results of this study can be applied in similar regions.
【Keywords】Oasis protective system; Windproof effect; Sediment transport; Wind erosion intensity; Tengger Desert; Desertification