Vol16 No.1: 1-15
【Title】Mapping mountain areas: learning from Global, European and Norwegian perspectives
【Author】Martin F. PRICE1*; Tor ARNESEN2; Erik GLØERSEN3; Marc J. METZGER 4
【Addresses】1 Centre for Mountain Studies, Perth College, University of the Highlands and Islands, Crieff Road, Perth PH1 2NX, United Kingdom; 2 Mountain Research Programme, Eastern Norway Research Institute, 2600 Lillehammer, Norway; 3 Spatial Foresight, Territorial Policy Support and Research, 75013 Paris, France; 4 Research Institute of Geography and the Lived Environment, School of GeoSciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9XP, United Kingdom
【Corresponding author】Martin F. PRICE
【Citation】Price MF, Arnesen T, Gløersen E, Metzger MJ (2019) Mapping mountain areas: learning from Global, European and Norwegian perspectives. Journal of Mountain Science 16(1). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-018-4916-3
【Abstract】Defining the spatial extent of mountain areas has long been a challenge. In the present century, the availability of digital elevation models (DEMs) incorporated into geographic information systems (GIS) has allowed the definition of mountain areas based on topographic and other criteria. This paper presents the various delineations of mountains that have been prepared at three scales – global, regional (Europe), and national – and explores the reasons and processes leading to these delineations, and how they have been used. A detailed case study is then presented for Norway. Overall, two types of approaches to mapping mountains have been taken: first, considering mountains per se, based on elevation and/or topography; second, considering them among other categories, e.g., landforms or biogeographical, environmental or landscape zones. All attempts to map mountain areas derive essentially from the objectives of those commissioning and/or undertaking the work; a unitary definition remains unlikely.
【Keywords】Mountains; Mapping; Geographic information systems Europe; Norway; Topography