Vol15 No.9: 2027-2042
【Title】Belt or network? The spatial structure and shaping mechanism of the Great Wall cultural belt in Beijing
【Author】WANG Fang1,2*; XU Yi-yi3; ZHAO Ye3; ZHU Xiao-hua4*
【Addresses】1 NSFC-DFG Sino-German Cooperation Group on Urbanization and Locality (UAL); College of Architecture and Landscape Architecture, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China; 2 Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes, Ministry of Education, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China; 3 College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China; 4 Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
【Corresponding author】WANG Fang; ZHU Xiao-hua
【Citation】Wang F, Xu YY, Zhao Y, et al. (2018) Belt or network? The spatial structure and shaping mechanism of the Great Wall cultural belt in Beijing. Journal of Mountain Science 15(9). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-017-4767-3
【Abstract】The relationship between cross-regional cultural landscapes does not currently receive enough attention in cultural landscape conservation. Cultural landscapes in China are faced with the crisis of fragmentation and islanding, which makes it necessary to strengthen the idea of integrated conservation. The Great Wall cultural belt in Beijing is a cross-regional linear cultural landscape in the northwest mountainous area of Beijing. With the Great Wall as a link connecting the surrounding natural, social, and cultural resources to form a banded structure, it has the typical and practical significance of integrated conservation. Based on the theory of the cultural landscape security pattern and its ‘node – setting – connection’ model, this research studies the spatial structure and shaping mechanism of the Great Wall cultural belt in Beijing from the perspective of tourist flow, using Flickr geo-tagged photos and Wikiloc tracks. The results identify the core nodes and intermediate nodes of the Great Wall cultural belt in Beijing and show that it has a multi-core, multi-group hierarchical nesting structure differing from the geographic space, which has groups following the evolution orbit of ‘linear string – circumnuclear star – complete network.’ To explain the differences between the cultural association network (CAN) and the geospatial network (GSN), we find that the cultural associations between nodes rely on geophysical channels, including heritage corridors and traffic passages, as physical carriers, but the nodes’ attraction and their setting elements, containing natural geography environments, settlements, administrative divisions, etc., change the channel resistance, so CAN and GSN present different characteristics. From the perspective of systematic and spatial network thoughts, this study has made an attempt to adopt new analysis and research methods to achieve the integrated conservation and inheritance of linear cultural landscapes in mountainous areas.
【Keywords】Network analysis; Great Wall cultural belt; Cultural landscape security pattern; Geotagging; Mountainous landscape