Development versus conservation: evaluation of landscape structure changes in Demänovská Valley, Slovakia Development versus conservation: evaluation of landscape structure changes in Demänovská Valley, Slovakia

最小化 最大化

Vol15 No.6: 1153-1170

Title】Development versus conservation: evaluation of landscape structure changes in Demänovská Valley, Slovakia

Author】KRTIČKA Luděk1,2*; TOMČÍKOVÁ Ivana3; RAKYTOVÁ Iveta3

Addresses】1 Department of Human Geography and Regional Development, Faculty of Science, University of Ostrava, Ostrava, Czech Republic; 2 Institute of Geography, Slovak Academy of Sciences, 81473 Bratislava, Slovakia; 3 Department of Geography, Faculty of Education, Catholic University in Ružomberok, 03401 Ružomberok, Slovakia

Corresponding author】KRTIČKA Luděk

Citation】Krtička L, Tomčíková I, Rakytová I (2018) Development versus conservation: evaluation of landscape structure changes in Demänovská Valley, Slovakia. Journal of Mountain Science 15(6). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-018-4870-0

DOI】https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-018-4870-0

Abstract】This paper presents the changes of landscape structure in the Demänovská Valley which ranks among the most valuable protected areas of Slovakia. The area was selected on the basis of changes associated with the rapidly growing tourism industry and the rise of an important destination in the center of Low Tatras National Park, Slovakia. To document any changes, we visually interpreted data from aerial and satellite images in three periods (1949, 2007 and 2013) and for predicting future changes we used land use planning documentation. Interpreted data were analyzed using overlay analysis and landscape metrics. Results showed extensive changes in the landscape structure mainly connected with the development of tourism infrastructure. We also identified long-term changes whose causes stem from the transformation of society and forest management in the past. The dynamics and extent of these changes may increase in the future. We propose to stop future development of ski slopes and expansion of related infrastructure, to focus on sustainability and environmentally friendly operation of the existing ski resort and to invest a substantial portion of profits to support projects aimed to preserve surrounding lands and wildlife.

Keywords】Landscape structure changes; Landscape metrics; Demänovská Valley; Low Tatras National Park; Tourism infrastructure