Relation between basin morphometric features and dynamic characteristics of debris flows – a case study in Siberia, Russia Relation between basin morphometric features and dynamic characteristics of debris flows – a case study in Siberia, Russia

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Vol15 No.3: 618-630

TitleRelation between basin morphometric features and dynamic characteristics of debris flows – a case study in Siberia, Russia

AuthorArtem A. RYBCHENKO; Alena V. KADETOVA*; Elena A. KOZIREVA

AddressesInstitute of the Earth’s Crust, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, 128 Lermontov Street, Irkutsk 664033, Russia

Corresponding authorkadetova@crust.irk.ru

CitationRybchenko AA, Kadetova AV, Kozireva EA (2018) Relation between basin morphometric features and dynamic characteristics of debris flows – a case study in Siberia, Russia. Journal of Mountain Science 15(3). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-017-4547-0

DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-017-4547-0

AbstractExtreme and prolonged rainfall in the Tunka Ridge caused several debris flows in the vicinity of the Arshan village (Siberia, Russia) on June 28, 2014.These debris flows, in spite of similar geological conditions, had different velocity, peak discharge and alluvial fan volume values. The flow velocity was from 3.5 m/s to 19.6 m/s, the peak discharge ranged from 63 m3/s to 13566 m3/s, and the alluvial fan volume varied from 4.13×103 to 8.45×105 m3. Such a great range of values is due to the morphometric parameters of the debris flow basins. The article deals with the influence of morphometric parameters of debris flow basins, such as the basin area, the average slope, Melton ratio, relief ratio on the debris flow velocity, peak discharge and volume of alluvial fans. In this debris flow event the average values of slope angle and total basin relief of the debris flow basins did not affect the values of debris flow velocity, peak discharge and alluvial fan volume. The highest correlations were observed with the debris flow basin area that was connected with the water inflow volume into the debris flow basins during the rainfall. The unequal water distribution among debris flow basins also had an impact on the debris flow velocity, peak discharge and volume of alluvial fans. 

KeywordsCentral Asia; Debris flow; Morphometric analysis; Natural Hazards; Tunka Ridge