Vol15 No.11: 2433-2444
【Title】Identifying indigenous tree species for land reforestation, forest restoration, and plantation transformation on Hainan Island, China
【Author】WANG Jian-jun; MENG Jing-hui*
【Addresses】Key Laboratory for Forest Resources and Ecosystem Processes of Beijing, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
【Corresponding author】MENG Jing-hui
【Citation】Wang JJ, Meng JH (2018) Identifying indigenous tree species for land reforestation, forest restoration, and plantation transformation on Hainan Island, China. Journal of Mountain Science 15(11). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-018-4861-1
【Abstract】Selecting suitable species is the most important issue for bare land reforestation, degraded secondary forest restoration, and single-species plantation transformation. However, little information has been documented related to tree species selection for these silvicultural endeavors on tropical Hainan Island of Southern China. The present study employed Baisha County, the ecological core area of Hainan Island, as a case study area. We initially inventoried a slightly disturbed primary forest and attempted to produce diameter distribution curves for each tree species. Second, the tree species were classified into shade intolerant, opportunist, and shade tolerant species based on shape of their diameter distribution curves. Third, market value was determined for each tree species based on published literature and on-site investigations at local wood trading companies. Totally 118 tree species were encountered in the inventoried forest and 13 tree species present were finally identified as potential tree species for our silvicultural endeavor on Hainan Island, of which 3 species are shade intolerant, 5 species are opportunist and 5 species are shade tolerant. Additionally, we also selected 12 tree species that were not in the inventoried forest but were extremely economically valuable and ecologically important. This study should contribute to the formulation of a sustainable forest management strategy on Hainan Islandand the methodology might be replicated in other tropical region where suitable species also need to be identified for silvicultural endeavor.
【Keywords】Diameter distribution curves; Primary forest; Shade intolerant; Opportunist species; Shade tolerant; Forest management