Adjusting precipitation measurements from the TRwS204 automatic weighing gauge in the Qilian Mountains, China Adjusting precipitation measurements from the TRwS204 automatic weighing gauge in the Qilian Mountains, China

最小化 最大化

Vol15 No.11: 2365-2377

Title】Adjusting precipitation measurements from the TRwS204 automatic weighing gauge in the Qilian Mountains, China

Author】ZHENG Qin1,2; CHEN Ren-sheng1*; HAN Chun-tan1; LIU Jun-feng1; SONG Yao-xuan1; LIU Zhang-wen1; YANG Yong1; WANG Lei1,2; WANG Xi-qiang1,2; LIU Xiao-jiao1,2; GUO Shu-hai1,2; LIU Guo-hua1,2

Addresses】1 Qilian Alpine Ecology and Hydrology Research Station, Key Laboratory of Ecohydrology of Inland River Basin, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China; 2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

Corresponding author】CHEN Ren-sheng

Citation】Zheng Q, Chen RS, Han CT, et al. (2018) Adjusting precipitation measurements from the TRwS204 automatic weighing gauge in the Qilian Mountains, China. Journal of Mountain Science 15(11). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-018-4839-z

DOI】https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-018-4839-z

Abstract】With the popularity of the automatic precipitation gauges in national weather stations, testing their performance and adjusting their measurements are top priorities. Additionally, because different climatic conditions may have different effects on the performance of the precipitation gauges, it is also necessary to test the gauges in different areas. This study mainly analyzed precipitation measurements from the single-Alter-shielded TRwS204 automatic weighing gauge (TRwSSA) relative to the adjusted manual measurements (reference precipitation) from the Chinese standard  precipitation gauge in a double-fence wind shield (CSPGDF) in the Hulu watershed in the Qilian Mountains, China. The measurements were compared over the period from August 2014 to July 2017, and the transfer function derived from the work by Kochendorfer et al. (2017a) for correcting wind-induced losses was applied to the TRwSSA measurements. The results show that the average loss of TRwSSA measurements relative to the reference precipitation decreased from 0.55 mm (10.7%) to 0.51 mm (9.9%) for rainfall events, from 0.35 mm (8.5%) to 0.22 mm (5.3%) for sleet events, and from 0.49 mm (18.9%) to 0.33 mm (12.7%) for snowfall eventsafter adjustment. The uncorrectedlarge biases of TRwSSA measurements are considered to be mainly caused by specific errors of TRwSSA, different gauge orifice area and random errors. These types of errors must be considered when comparing precipitation measurements for different gauge types, especially in the mountains.

Keywords】TRwS204 automatic weighing gauge; Chinese standard precipitation gauge; Adjusting precipitation measurements; Qilian Mountainsa