A force transfer mechanism for triggering landslides during rainfall infiltration A force transfer mechanism for triggering landslides during rainfall infiltration

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Vol15 No.11: 2480-2491

Title】A force transfer mechanism for triggering landslides during rainfall infiltration

Author】LIU Gang; TONG Fu-guo*; ZHAO Yi-tong; TIAN Bin

Addresses】College of Hydraulic & Environment Engineering, China Three Gorges University, Yichang 443002, China

Corresponding author】TONG Fu-guo

Citation】Liu G, Tong FG, Zhao YT, Tian B (2018) A force transfer mechanism for triggering landslides during rainfall infiltration. Journal of Mountain Science 15(11). https://doi.org/ 10.1007/s11629-018-5043-x

DOI】https://doi.org/ 10.1007/s11629-018-5043-x

Abstract】Shallow slope failures induced by rainfall infiltration occur frequently, and the relevant triggering mechanisms have been widely studied. Rainfall-induced landslides are widely recognized to be caused by increases in soil weight, seepage force and pore water pressure or decreases in soil mechanical properties. However, even when all these factors are considered, some landslides still cannot be explained well. The increased pore water pressure in a slope reduces the effective stress of the soil and may trigger slope failure. Similarly, the pore gas pressure in a slope also reduces the effective stress of the soil but has been neglected in previous studies. As the viscosity of air is nearly negligible when compared with that of water, the pore gas pressure spreads faster, and its influence is wider, which is harmful for the stability of the slope.In this paper, the effects of pore gas pressure are considered in a shallow slope stability analysis, and a self-designed experiment is conducted to validate the force transfer mechanism. Numerical simulation results show that the pore gas pressure in the slope increases sharply at different locations under heavy rainfall conditions and that the pore gas pressure causes a rapid decrease in the slope safety factor. Laboratory experimental results show that the pore gas pressure throughout the whole unsaturated zone has the same value, which indicates that the gas pressure could spread quickly to the whole sample.

Keywords】Landslide; Force transfer mechanism; Rainfall infiltration; Water-air two-phase flow