Vol15 No.11: 2335-2346
【Title】Hydrodynamic parameters in a flood impacted boulder block ramp: Krzczonówka mountain stream, Polish Carpathians
【Author】RADECKI-PAWLIK Artur1*; PLESIŃSKI Karol2; RADECKI-PAWLIK Bartosz1; KUBOŃ Piotr1; MANSON Russell3
【Addresses】1 Institute of Structural Mechanics, Cracow University of Technology, Krakow 31-155, Poland; 2 Department of Hydraulics Engineering and Geotechnics, University of Agricultural in Krakow, Krakow 30-059, Poland; 3 School of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, Stockton University, Galloway NJ 08205-9441, USA
【Citation】Radecki-Pawlik A, Plesiński K, Radecki-Pawlik B, et al. (2018) Hydrodynamic parameters in a flood impacted boulder block ramp: Krzczonówka mountain stream, Polish Carpathians. Journal of Mountain Science 15(11). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-018-4893-6
【Abstract】Boulder block ramps are river engineering structures used to stabilise river beds. Block ramps provide a semi-natural and aesthetically pleasing solution to certain river engineering problems in mountain streams. When constructing block ramps, one can use the dissipative behaviour of large macro-roughness elements randomly placed on the river bed to enhance fish migration in an upstream direction thus, in this sense, meeting the requirements of the EU Water Framework Directive. Block ramps are often designed and constructed to replace damaged drop hydraulic structures in the channels of mountain streams. This paper investigates the resilience of a particular block ramp placed in the Krzczonówka stream (Polish Carpathians) in terms of the engineering design function and its durability against damaging. A hydrodynamic analysis of a block ramp is presented before and after a flood event that changed the configuration of the blocks. The semi-natural unstructured hydraulic structure was built on the Krzczonowka stream to protect gas pipes which are located beneath it. As a result of several floods, the boulder block chute described in this paper was damaged, and some boulders were dislodged and transported downstream. Our post-flood investigations of bathymetry and velocity revealed that even damaged boulder blocks, removed from the chute and displaced downstream of the structure, still provide significant energy dissipation of the flowing water. The novel of our paper is for the first time showing very detailed analysis of unstructured block ramp hydrodynamics parameters done in the field. Also the novel finding of our investigations shows that before and after the flood event the unstructured block ramp structure, is still fish friendly in terms of hydrodynamics.
【Keywords】Boulder ramp; Mountain stream; Hydrodynamic; Ramp chute