Monitoring open water area changes in a small tarn using historical orthophotomaps and a historical bathymetric map: a case study of the Litworowy Staw lake, the High Tatras Monitoring open water area changes in a small tarn using historical orthophotomaps and a historical bathymetric map: a case study of the Litworowy Staw lake, the High Tatras

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Vol15 No.10: 2089-2102

Title】Monitoring open water area changes in a small tarn using historical orthophotomaps and a historical bathymetric map: a case study of the Litworowy Staw lake, the High Tatras

Author】Juraj Kapusta*; František Petrovič*; Juraj Hreško

Addresses】Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Constantine the Philosopher University, Nitra, Slovakia

Corresponding author】Juraj KAPUSTA*; František PETROVIČ*

Citation】Kapusta J, Petrovič F, Hreško J (2018) Monitoring open water area changes in a small tarn using historical orthophotomaps and a historical bathymetric map: a case study of the Litworowy Staw lake, the High Tatras. Journal of Mountain Science 15(10). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-018-4915-4

DOI】https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-018-4915-4

Abstract】According to scientific evidence in general, the disappearance of the Tatras tarns as a result of external geomorphological processes has been accepted since the long term analyses of lake sediments and peat bogs, geomorphological mapping, geophysical measurements (– all indirect methods). It is paradoxical that the direct cartographic evidence of such changes has not existed until now. In this paper, we evaluate shore line changes of the small mountain glacial lake in the High Tatras - Litworowy Staw lake using a multitemporal analysis of a series of historical orthophotomaps and a historical map. Over the last 100 years, the tarn has lost 46.4% of open water level area. Significant visual changes were caused by vegetation growth of Carex species (sedges) on the water’s surface. The accumulation of fine sediments and dead plant residues in the tarn basin create suitable conditions for this process, all together causing the tarn to become more shallow.

Keywords】Vegetation growth of tarns; Monitoring of changes; Alpine lakes; The High Tatras; The Litworowy Staw lake