Vol14 No.7: 1241-1261
【Title】Hazard and population vulnerability analysis: a step towards landslide risk assessment
【Author】Franny G. MURILLO-GARCÍA1*; Mauro ROSSI2; Francesca ARDIZZONE2; Federica FIORUCCI2; Irasema ALCÁNTARA-AYALA3
【Addresses】1 Postgraduate in Geography, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico City, Mexico; 2 IRPI CNR, Perugia, Italy; 3 Institute of Geography, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico City, Mexico
【Citation】Murillo-García FG, Rossi M, Ardizzone F, et al. (2017) Hazard and population vulnerability analysis: a step towards landslide risk assessment. Journal of Mountain Science 14(7). DOI: 10.1007/s11629-016-4179-9
【Abstract】In this paper, an attempt to analyse landslide hazard and vulnerability in the municipality of Pahuatlán, Puebla, Mexico, is presented. In order to estimate landslide hazard, the susceptibility, magnitude (area-velocity ratio) and landslide frequency of the area of interest were produced based on information derived from a geomorphological landslide inventory; the latter was generated by using very high resolution satellite stereo pairs along with information derived from other sources (Google Earth, aerial photographs and historical information). Estimations of landslide susceptibility were determined by combining four statistical techniques: (i) logistic regression, (ii) quadratic discriminant analysis, (iii) linear discriminant analysis, and (iv) neuronal networks. A Digital Elevation Model (DEM) of 10 m spatial resolution was used to extract the slope angle, aspect, curvature, elevation and relief. These factors, in addition to land cover, lithology and distance to faults, were used as explanatory variables for the susceptibility models. Additionally, a Poisson model was used to estimate landslide temporal frequency, at the same time as landslide magnitude was obtained by using the relationship between landslide area and the velocity of movements. Then, due to the complexity of evaluating it, vulnerability of population was analysed by applying the Spatial Approach to Vulnerability Assessment (SAVE) model which considered levels of exposure, sensitivity and lack of resilience. Results were expressed on maps on which different spatial patterns of levels of landslide hazard and vulnerability were found for the inhabited areas. It is noteworthy that the lack of optimal methodologies to estimate and quantify vulnerability is more notorious than that of hazard assessments. Consequently, levels of uncertainty linked to landslide risk assessment remain a challenge to be addressed.
【Keywords】Landslides; Susceptibility; Hazard Vulnerability; Risk