Vol14 No.6: 1086-1099
【Title】Spatial and temporal change patterns of freeze-thaw erosion in the three-river source region under the stress of climate warming
【Author】GUO Bing1; LUO Wei2*; WANG Dong-liang2*; JIANG Lin1
【Addresses】1 Shandong University of Technology, School of Civil and Architectural Engineering, Zibo 255000, China; 2 Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100094, China
【Corresponding author】email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
【Citation】Guo B, Luo W, Wang DL, et al. (2017) Spatial and temporal change patterns of freeze-thaw erosion in the three-river source region under the stress of climate warming. Journal of Mountain Science 14(6). DOI:10.1007/s11629-016-4348-x
【Abstract】The three-river source region (TRSR), located in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in China, suffers from serious freeze-thaw (FT) erosion in China. Considering the unique eco-environment and the driving factors of the FT process in the TRSR, we introduce the driving force factors of FT erosion (rainfall erosivity and wind field intensity during FT period) and precipitation during the FT period (indicating the phase-changed water content). The objective was to establish an improved evaluation method of FT erosion in the TRSR. The method has good applicability in the study region with an overall precision of 92%. The spatial and temporal changes of FT erosion from 2000 to 2015 are analyzed. Results show that FT erosion is widely distributed in the TRSR, with slight and mild erosion being the most widely distributed, followed by moderate erosion. Among the three sub-regions, the source region of the Yellow River has the slightest erosion intensity, whereas the erosion intensity of the source region of Yangtze River is the most severe. A slight improvement can be observed in the condition of FT erosion over the whole study region from 2000 to 2015. Vegetation coverage is the dominant factor affecting the intensity of FT erosion in the zones with sparse vegetation or bare land, whereas the climate factors play an important role in high vegetation coverage area. Slopes>28° also have a significant effect on the intensity of FT erosion in the zones. The results can provide a scientific basis for the prevention and management of the soil FT erosion in the TRSR.
【Keywords】Freeze-thaw erosion; Vegetation; Precipitation; Three-river source region; Global warming