Vol14 No.6: 1058-1064
【Title】Local records of long-term dynamics of bamboo gregarious flowering in northern Laos and regional synchronicity of Dendrocalamus membranaceus in two flowering sites
【Addresses】Gifu University - Faculty of Applied Biological Sciences, Yanagido 1-1, Gifu 501-1193, JAPAN Gifu 501-1193, Japan
【Citation】Hirota I (2017) Local records of long-term dynamics of bamboo gregarious flowering in northern Laos and regional synchronicity of Dendrocalamus membranaceus in two flowering sites. Journal of Mountain Science 14(6). DOI: 10.1007/s11629-016-3990-7
【Abstract】Bamboos are widely distributed in mainland Southeast Asia and have abundant biomass. They are characterized by prolonged vegetative growth and semelparity. Where bamboos are dominant, their synchronous flowering and death has a major impact on forest vegetation. Although the small-scale dynamics of this process have become clearer in recent years, the history, geographical scale and synchronicity of bamboo flowering over broad areas remains unknown. This study focused on the flowering history of six bamboo species, Bambusa tulda, Cephalostachyum virgatum, Dendrocalamus hamiltonii, Dendrocalamus membranaceus, Indosasa sinica and Oxytenanthera parvifolia, over 40 years across a broad area of northern Laos. We also examined the synchronicity of flowering inD. membranaceus. We visited 49 villages in northern Laos and surveyed knowledgeable inhabitants about bamboo flowering history. The timing, scale and synchronicity of gregarious flowering varied among species. D. hamiltonii and D. membranaceus showed higher flowering synchronicity than other species. All the species except I. sinica had both sporadic and gregarious flowering traits, and showed conspicuous variability in their flowering scale. The flowering bamboo population at two gregarious flowering sites forD. membranaceus was surveyed. While this species had the highest synchronicity in this study, its synchronicity was lower than other species in previous studies worldwide. We found that the gregarious flowering of bamboos in northern Laos over the last 40 years showed lower synchronicity than bamboo flowering reported in other areas of the world. The historical dynamics and scale of bamboo flowering must be further clarified to understand the vegetation composition of this area.
【Keywords】Fallow forest;Sporadic flowering;Shifting cultivation;Synchronicity;Southeast Asia