Vol14 No.6: 1212-1228
【Title】Flora, life form characteristics, and plan for the promotion of biodiversity in South Korea's Globally Important Agricultural Heritage System, the traditional Gudeuljangirrigated rice terraces in Cheongsando
【Author】Hong Chul PARK1; ChoongHyeon OH2*
【Addresses】1 Korea National Park Research Institute, Korea National Park Service, Wonju-si, Gangwon-do, 26441, Korea; 2 Department of Biological and Environmental Science, Dongguk University, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do, 10326, Korea
【Citation】Park HC, Oh CH (2017) Flora, life form characteristics, and plan for the promotion of biodiversity in South Korea's Globally Important Agricultural Heritage System, the traditional Gudeuljang irrigated rice terraces in Cheongsando. Journal of Mountain Science 14(6). DOI: 10.1007/s11629-015-3644-1
【Abstract】The objectives of this study were to analyze the biodiversity of the Traditional Gudeuljang Irrigated Rice Terraces in Cheongsando, South Korea's representative GIAHS (Globally Important Agricultural Heritage System)site, with reference to position and land-use features, and to develop a plan to promote agricultural biodiversity in the region. We confirmed approximately 54,000 m2 of Gudeuljang paddy fields by an on-site survey. Of the Traditional Gudeuljang Irrigated Rice Terraces confirmed by on-site inspection, our survey showed that approximately 24,000 m2 are currently being used as paddy fields, approximately 15,000 m2 are being used as dry fields, and approximately 14,000 m2 are fallow. In terms of other non-agricultural land use, there was grassland, including graveyards; artificial arboreal land, such as orchards, rivers and wetlands, and man-made facilities, such as roads and residences. We also confirmed that the Traditional Gudeuljang Irrigated Rice Terraces had higher plant species diversity than conventional terraced rice paddies, and there was a difference in life form characteristics between the two types. Although the superficial topsoil structure is the same for the Traditional Gudeuljang Irrigated Rice Terraces(TGIRTs)and conventional terraced rice paddies, it is thought that the differences in the subsurface structure of the TGIRTscontribute greatly to species and habitat diversity. However, the TGIRTsin Cheongsando are facing degeneration, due to damage and reduction in agricultural activity. The main cause is the reduction in the number of farming households due to an aging population in Cheongsando. In order to address this problem, we proposed a management plan, related to fallow paddy fields in South Korea, to initiate voluntary activities in the TGIRTs.
【Keywords】Globally Important Agricultural Heritage System;Rice terrace; Agricultural biodiversity; Topsoil structure;Gudeuljang