Vol14 No.3: 549-557
【Title】Dating of the topmost terrace in the Jingxian Basin, Anhui Province: an indication of the establishment of the Qingyijiang River
【Author】HU Chun-sheng1, 2*; HU Chen-qi1, 2; LIU Shao-chen1, 2; XU Guang-lai1, 2; WU Li1, 2; YANG Li-hui1, 2
【Addresses】1 College of Territorial Resources and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, China; 2 Anhui Key Laboratory of Natural Disaster Process and Preventing and Controlling, Wuhu 241000, China
【Citation】Hu CS, Hu CQ, Liu SC, et al. (2017) Dating of the topmost terrace in the Jingxian Basin, Anhui Province: an indication of the establishment of the Qingyijiang River. Journal of Mountain Science 14(3). DOI: 10.1007/s11629-016-4236-4
【Abstract】On the northern fringe of Mt. Huangshan, many river terraces are developed at the junction between mountains and plains. The river terraces are most typical in the Jingxian Basin, Anhui Province, where the Qingyijiang River, one of the longest tributaries of the lower Yangtze River, developed three staircase terraces. The topmost terrace (i.e., the T3 terrace) tread is 38-39 m above river level, and the top of the gravels is generally covered by 3-10.9m of red clay deposits. Systematic magnetostratigraphy and electron spin resonance dating are used to research the timing of the establishment of the Qingyijiang River. The main results show that the topmost terrace developed no later than 900 kyr ago and that the appearance of the Qingyijiang River occurred correspondingly at least before 900 kyr ago on the northern fringe of Mt. Huangshan. In view of the almost synchronous age, the establishment of the Qingyijiang River was seemingly a response to the Mid-Pleistocene Revolution when the 100 kyr cycle commenced, and the Kunlun-Huanghe movement during the early-middle Pleistocene transition. In addition, the establishment of the Qingyijiang River possiblyreflected the birth of the modern Yangtze River to some degree. Therefore the timing of the formation of the Yangtze River is restricted to no later than 900 kyr ago based on the appearance of the Qingyijiang River.
【Keywords】Qingyijiang River; Topmost terrace; Magnetostratigraphy; Electron Spin Resonance dating; Establishment timing; Jingxian Basin