Vol14 No.12: 2471-2483
【Title】New methods for calculating bare soil land surface temperature over mountainous terrain
【Author】YANG Yong*; CHEN Ren-sheng; SONG Yao-xuan; LIU Jun-feng; HAN Chun-tan; LIU Zhang-wen
【Addresses】Qilian Alpine Ecology and Hydrology Research Station, Key Laboratory of Ecohydrology Inland River Basin, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China
【Citation】Yang Y, Chen RS, Song YX, et al. (2017) New methods for calculating bare soil land surface temperature over mountainous terrain. Journal of Mountain Science 14(12). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-016-4306-7
【Abstract】Land surface temperature(LST) causes the phase change of water, links to the partitioning of surface water and energy budget, and becomes an important parameter to hydrology, meteorology, eco-hydrology, and other researches in the high mountain cold regions. Unlike air temperature, which has common altitudinal lapse rates in the mountainous regions, the influence of terrain leads to complicated estimation for soil LST. This study presents two methods that use air temperature and solar position, to estimate bare LST with high temporal resolution over horizontal sites and mountainous terrain with a random slope azimuth. The data from three horizontal meteorological stations and fourteen LST observation fields with different aspects and slopes were used to test the proposed LST methods. The calculated and measured LST were compared in a range of statistical analysis, and the analysis showed that the average RMSE (root mean square error), MAD (mean absolute deviation), and R2 (correlation coefficient) for three horizontal sites were 5.09°C, 3.66°C, 0.92, and 5.03°C, 3.52°C, 0.85 for the fourteen complex terrain sites. The proposed methods showed acceptable accuracy, provide a simple way to estimate LST, and will be helpful for simulating the water and energy cycles in alpine mountainous terrain.
【Keywords】Land surface temperature; Air temperature; Solar position; Mountainous terrain