Vol14 No.12: 2448-2457
【Title】Mycobiota of the disused ore mine of Marcinków in Śnieżnik Masiff (western Poland)
【Author】Wojciech PUSZ1*; Anna BATURO-CIEŚNIEWSKA2; Paweł ZAGOŻDŻON3; Rafał OGÓREK4
【Addresses】1 Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Department of Plant Protection, Plant Pathology and Mycology Division, Grunwaldzki Sq. 24a, 50-363 Wroclaw, Poland; 2 University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture and Biotechnology, Department of Molecular Phytopathology, Kordeckiego St. 20, 85-225 Bydgoszcz, Poland; 3 Wrocław University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geoengineering, Mining and Geology, Na Grobli St. 15, 50-421 Wrocław Poland; 4 Department of Genetics, Institute of Genetics and Microbiology, University of Wroclaw, Przybyszewskiego St. 63/77, 51-148 Wroclaw, Poland
【Citation】Pusz W, Baturo-Cieśniewska A, Zagożdżon P, et al. (2017) Mycobiota of the disused ore mine of Marcinków in Śnieżnik Masiff (western Poland). Journal of Mountain Science 14(12). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-016-4221-y
【Abstract】Marcinków (Lower Silesia, Śnieżnik Masiff, south-western Poland) has been a well-known mining centre since the mid-15th century. Mineral extraction ended in 1949 with the ores of Pb, Ag, Cu and occasionally Au, U or graphite mined there. The mine is surrounded by metamorphic graphite and mica schist. It is not open to the public and no bats have been recorded living in. The aim of this study was the mycological analysis of the air, the rock surface and the water of the disused ore mineof Marcinków. Additionally, the chemical composition of rocks and water, and microclimate conditions of the adit were determined. Fungi were identified using a combination of phenotypic and molecular methods. Six taxa of fungi were cultured from the indoor air samples of the adit, whereas the outdoor air samples contained only five taxa. On the other hand, nine taxa were isolated from both the rocky walls and the water. The Aspergillus group was present only on the rocks and in the water, whereas Cladosporium herbarum, Dumontinia tuberosa, Epicoccum nigrum, Hirsutella sp., were found exclusively in the air. The mycobiota found in the ore mine were mostly similar to those recorded in other mines and natural caves.However, it should be noted thatthe internal microclimate and chemical compounds of the rocks.
【Keywords】Ore mine; Sulphur condition; Fungi; Speleomycology; Marcinków