Vol14 No.12: 2568-2580
【Title】Agricultural opportunity costs assessment based on planting suitability: a case study in a mountain county in southwest China
【Author】LIU Ju1,2,3; FU Bin1,3; WANG Yu-kuan1,3; LU Ya-feng 1,3; XU Pei1,3*
【Addresses】1 Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China; 2 Key Laboratory of Environment Change and Resources Use in Beibu Gulf (Guangxi Teachers Education University), Ministry of Education, Nanning 530001, China; 3 Wanzhou Key Regional Ecology and Environment Monitoring Station, Chongqing 404020, China
【Citation】Liu J, Fu B, Wang YK, et al. (2017) Agricultural opportunity costs assessment based on planting suitability: a case study in a mountain county in southwest China. Journal of Mountain Science 14(12). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-016-4329-0
【Abstract】Payment for ecosystem services (PES) has become an increasingly popular means of ecosystem conservation.Opportunity cost is an important factor to increase the investment efficiency of PES projects. However, the distribution of opportunity cost is usually unclear in mountainous regions due to the obvious environment changes. In this study, we developed a framework to assess the distribution of agricultural opportunity costs in mountainous regions and applied this method to Baoxing County, a typical mountainous county in Sichuan Province of southwest China. Planting suitability of 17 crops was assessed based on agricultural statistics and natural conditions data within a GIS environment. Agricultural opportunity cost was quantified with a weighted summation of farmers' willingness to cultivate and each crop's opportunity cost. Finally, specific agricultural opportunity cost was obtained according to the spatial areas of the protection programs and land use status. The results showed thatagricultural opportunity costs of PES in Baoxing County were estimated to be more than $30 million, with a mean of 400.85 $/ha. Agricultural opportunity costs in mountainous regions displayed some obvious spatial variation and areas with lower agricultural opportunity costs could be selected as priority areas for PES. Our findings revealed that the planting suitability evaluation can make agricultural opportunity costs mapping more reasonable. It will be helpful for the PES programs implementation in mountainous regions.
【Keywords】Opportunity cost; Planting suitability; Willingness to accept; Ecosystem service; Spatial variation; Baoxing County