【Title】Spatial Variability and Cartography of Maximum Annual Daily Rainfall under Different Return Periods in Northern Algeria
【Author】MEDDI Mohamed; TOUMI Samir
【Addresses】National High School of Hydraulic (ENSH) BP.31 09000, BLIDA, Algeria
【Citation】Meddi M, Toumi S (2015) Spatial variability and cartography of maximum annual daily rainfall under different return periods in the North of Algeria. Journal of Mountain Science 12(6). DOI: 10.1007/s11629-014-3084-3.
【Abstract】The estimation of precipitation quantileshas always been an area of great importance to meteorologists, hydrologists, planners and managers of hydrotechnical infrastructures. In many cases, it is necessary to estimate the values relating to extreme events for the sites where there is little or no measurement, as well as their return periods. A statistical approach is the most used in such cases. It aims to find the probability distribution that best fitsthe maximum daily rainfall values. In our study, 231 rainfall stations were used to regionalize and find the best distribution for modeling the maximum daily rainfall in Northern Algeria. The L-moments method was used to perform a regionalization based on discordance criteria and homogeneity test. It gave rise to twelve homogeneous regions in terms of L-Coefficient of variation(L-CV), L-Skewness (L-CS)and L-Kurtosis (L-CK). This same technique allowed us to select the regional probability distribution for each group using the Z statistic. The generalized extreme values distribution (GEV) was selected to model the maximum daily rainfall of 10 groups located in the north of the steppe region and the generalized logistic distribution (GLO) for groups representing the steppes of Central and Western Algeria. The study of uncertainty by the bias and RMSE showed that the regional approach is acceptable. We have also developed maximum daily rainfall maps for 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 years return periods. We relied on a network of 255 rainfall stations. The spatial variability of quantiles was evaluated by semi-variograms. All rainfallfrequencymodelshave a spatial dependence with an exponential model adjusted to the experimental semi-variograms. The parameters of the fitted semi-variogram for different return periods are similar,throughout, while the nugget is more important for high return periods. Maximum daily rainfall increases from South to North and from West to East, andis more significant in the coastal areas of eastern Algeria where it exceeds 170 mm for a return period of 100 years. However,it does not exceed 50 mm in the highlands of the west.
【Keywords】Annual maximum daily rainfall; Regionalisation; L-moments; Mapping; NorthernAlgeria