【Title】Ethnobotanical and Indigenous Knowledge of Important Plants in East Hararghe, Eastern Ethiopia
【Author】Laxman Singh KANDARI1; Tripti NEGI2; Ashok Kumar THAKUR3; Eshetu YILMA3
【Addresses】1 Department of Forestry, Himgiri Zee University, P.O.- Sherpur, Chakrata Road, Dehradun, Pin – 248197, Uttarakhand, India; 2 Don Paramedical college and Hospital, Dehradun 248001, Uttarakhand, India; 3 School of Plant Science, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Haramaya University, P.O. Box # 337, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
【Citation】Kandari LS, Negi T, Thakur AK, et al. (2015) Ethnobotanical and indigenous knowledge of important plants in East Hararghe, Eastern Ethiopia. Journal of Mountain Science 12(6). DOI: 10.1007/s11629-014-3137-7
【Abstract】An ethnobotanical study was conducted in East Hararghe, Ethiopia to identify and investigate the use of various plants by the traditional healers and communities engaged in domestic, pesticide and medicinal use. A total of 78 species were observed to be used by the local inhabitants in the region for the treatments of various ailments. Out of these, herbs constitute 49% followed by trees (36%) and shrubs only 15%. However, most frequently used plant parts were leaf and aerial parts (20) followed by seed (13), fruit (12), other parts (10), rhizome (7) and bark (1). Most of the plants were found to be used for medicinal, aromatic and food flavouring (spices, condiments) purposes. Out of 78 species recorded in the present study, 11 were reported to cure stomachache, seven for cold, cough and respiratory problem, six for diarrhoea and five species were found capable of curing fever. Fabaceae was the largest family contributing to medicinal plant use with seven species followed by Solanaceae, Myrtaceae, (5 spp.), and Zingiberaceae, Asteraceae, Liliaceae (4 spp. each). Some of the important plants utilized for taking care of variety of ailments are Azadirachta indica, Brassica nigra, Balanites aegyptiaca, Maytenus ovatus, Rosmarinus officinalis and Trigonella foenum graecum. Most of these medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs) play a significant role in the household economy and were observed to be very popular among the people. Unpopular plants were left out of the study. This study provides useful and basic information on usage of different plants for conducting further studies aimed at conservation and documentation of traditional medicine system and economic welfare of rural peoples of the East Hararghe, Ethiopia. It also revealed that indigenous practices contributed to sustainable management of plants.
【Keywords】Ethnobotany; Medicinal plants; Primary health care; Traditional knowledge; East Hararghe