Vol10 No.5: 801-811
【Title】Dynamic Monitoring of Soil Erosion for Upper Stream of Miyun Reservoir in the Last 30 Years
【Author】LI Xiao-song1, 2, WU Bing-fang1, 2*, ZHANG Lei1
【Addresses】 1 Key Laboratory of Digital Earth Science, Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of sciences, Beijing100094, China; 2 State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, Jointly Sponsored by the Institute of Remote Sensing Applications of Chinese Academy of Sciences and Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100101, China
【Citation】LI Xiao-song, WU Bing-fang, ZHANG Lei (2013) Dynamic Monitoring of Soil Erosion for Upper Stream of Miyun Reservoir in the Last 30 Years. Journal of Mountain Science 10(5): 801-811. DOI: 10.1007/s11629-013-2559-y
【Abstract】The Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE) was applied to assess the spatial distribution and dynamic properties of soil loss with geographic information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) technologies. To improve the accuracy of soil-erosion estimates, a new C-factor estimation model was developed based on land cover and time series normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) datasets. The new C-factor was then applied in the RUSLE to integrate rainfall, soil, vegetation, and topography data of different periods, and thus monitor the distribution of soil erosion patterns and their dynamics during a 30-year period of the upstream watershed of Miyun Reservoir (UWMR), China. The results showed that the new C-factor estimation method, which considers land cover status and dynamics, and explicitly incorporates within-land cover variability,was more rational, quantitative, and reliable. An average annual soil loss in UWMR of 25.68, 21.04, and 16.80 t ha-1 a-1 was estimated for1990, 2000 and 2010, respectively, corroborated by comparing spatial and temporal variation in sediment yield. Between 2000 and 2010, a 1.38% average annual increase was observed in the area of lands that lost less than 5 t ha-1 a-1, while during 1990-2000 such lands only increased on average by 0.46%. Areas that classified as severe, very severe and extremely severe accounted for 5.68% of the total UWMR in 2010, and primarily occurred in dry areas or grasslands of sloping fields. The reason for the change in rate of soil loss is explained by an increased appreciation of soil conservation by developers and planners. Moreover, we recommend that UWMR watershed adopt further conservation measures such as terraced plowing of dry land, afforestation, or grassland enclosures as part of a concerted effort to reduce on-going soil erosion.
【Keywords】Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE); Soil loss; Miyun Reservoir; Land cover; NDVI