New publication recommendation in JMS Vol.10 No 4 New publication recommendation in JMS Vol.10 No 4

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New publication recommendation in JMS Vol.10 No 4:

Local responses to macro development policies and their effects on rural system in mountainous regions: The case of Shuanghe Village in Sichuan Province

      

Journal of Mountain Science在2013年第4期报道了李裕瑞、刘彦随、龙花楼、王介勇四位研究人员的文章:中国宏观发展政策的地方响应及其对山区农村体制的影响:以四川省隆昌县双河村为例_______________________________________________________________________

      上世纪90年代末期以来,我国出台了多个关于促进生态建设、区域发展和乡村振兴的政策,西部地区是此类政策的集中区和热点区,尤有必要在其典型区域深入研究此类宏观政策的地方响应与综合效应。

      中科院地理资源所区域农业与农村发展研究中心李裕瑞博士等以川南山地丘陵区典型村域为例,基于2008年以来开展的数次"县—乡—村"多尺度调查研究,探讨了西部大开发政策、退耕还林政策、农业生产支持政策及新农村建设战略的地方响应与效应。研究发现,案例村域并未因为这些政策的出台和实施而从原来的边缘化状态走上转型发展之路,与此相反,由于青壮年劳动力快速外流、耕地向林地和非农建设用地大量转化、污染企业运营带来环境污染、农业生产停滞不前,其社会经济状态甚至有所恶化。分析认为,造成上述状况的主要原因在于现有的"一刀切"的政策框架下,主体目标具有非一致性、村民能动力相对有限、激励和约束地方政府行为的机制仍不完善。研究建议,我国的农业农村发展政策应充分认识乡村空间的差异性、充分发挥当地居民的主体性,强调"自上而下"与"自下而上"的结合,宜进一步整合部门性政策,加强部委间、部门间的协作,逐步实现由部门性政策向区域性政策的转变。研究成果可为新时期的发展政策评估与优化提供科学支撑。

     该项研究得到国家自然科学基金(41201176, 41130748和41171149)及中国博士后科学基金(2011M500029 and 2012T50126)的资助。 

Progress on development policy evaluation in mountainous regions of Southwest China

      Chinahas promulgated a series of policies including the Western Development Program, the Grain for Green Project, agricultural support policies and building a new countryside strategy to eliminate east-west differences and urban-rural disparities since the late 1990s. However, we still know rather little about the responses and systematic effects of these policies on local socio-economic development.

      Researchers from the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences gave a holistic examination on local responses to the four typical macro socio-economic development policies and their effects on rural system based on a case study of mountainous village in southern Sichuan Province. The results showed that the policies have not moved the case study village from its historically marginal status. To some extent, its socio-economic situation might have been worsened by accelerated out-migration of the youth, loss of agricultural land due to afforestation and industrial plants, increased fire hazard due to afforestation and reforestation, increased environmental pollution due to industrial enterprises attracted to the village and a steep decline in agricultural production due to loss of and inefficient use of cultivated land. Factors causing local villages' dilemmas include the nonuniformity of actors' objectives, finiteness of villagers' abilities, and the imperfect incentive and restraint mechanism for local government's activities under existing policy framework composed of uncoordinated one-size-fits-all policies. The researchers suggest that China's rural policy in the new period should gradually shift from a sectoral to a place-based one, from top-down incentives to the development of bottom-up projects, and fully recognize the diversity of rural space, so as to enhance local capacities and make good use of the knowledge shared by different actors. Moreover, it is also necessary to integrate the various sectoral policies, and improve the interministerial and interdepartmental coordination of rural policies at regional and local levels.

     This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 41201176, 41130748 and 41171149) and China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2011M500029 and 2012T50126).

Citation:

LI Yu-rui, LIU Yan-sui, LONG Hua-lou, WANG Jie-yong (2013) Local responses to macro development policies and their effects on rural system in mountainous regions: The case of Shuanghe Village in Sichuan Province.Journal of Mountain Science 10(4):588-608. DOI: 10.1007/s11629-013-2544-5