Vol17 No.10: 2512-2527
【Title】Montology manifesto: echoes towards a transdisciplinary science of mountains
【Author】Fausto O. SARMIENTO
【Addresses】Neotropical Montology Collaboratory, Department of Geography, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA
【Corresponding author】Fausto O. SARMIENTO
【Citation】Sarmiento FO (2020) Montology manifesto: echoes towards a transdisciplinary science of mountains. Journal of Mountain Science 17(10). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-019-5536-2
【Abstract】Mountains as archetype frame some meta-geographies of the vertical dimension. Mountain metaphors, thus, have remained as key guidance in developing not only animistic belief systems and religious cults, but also military strategies, economic potential, and scientific innovation. This paper seeks to explain the need to integrate western knowledge, where mountains became known via natural history's mechanistic explanations, with other epistemologies. Mountain scientists therein developed linear approaches that required exploration, experimentation, and pragmatic interpretation of generalizable mountain phenomena. Little is known, however, about other civilizations' more encompassing cognition due to heuristic explanations of mountain myths. Local knowledge holders therein developed approaches that required familiarization, observation, and romantic meditation about situated mountain phenomena. Using a multimethod approach of human geography that includes onomastics, geocritical discourse analysis, political ecology, and critical biogeography, the author posits that there is a paradigmatic shift of geographic fad, when even "nature" is thought of as a "social construct" in the socioecological mountainscapes. Between these tendencies of either Cartesian or Spinozan dogmas about scientific objectives, methods and implications, mountains continue to elicit geographical research. The author thus concludes that integrating narratives of mountain studies with geocritical analyses of political ecology that allow for transgressivity and referentialilty of mountain cognition can be done with transdisciplinary science. Montology, henceforth, couples dialectic thinking with the trifecta of spatiality, complexity and historicity in highlighting mountain microrefugia for biocultural conservation. Use of montological approaches will bring mountain scientists to a new level, where the application of local ecological knowledge and cutting-edge technological instrumentation could render sustainable mountain communities, in dynamic biocultural heritage scenarios of convergent mountain science.
【Keywords】Montology; Geocriticism; Biocultural Heritage; Transdisciplinarity; Mountain cognition; Mountainscape.