Vol15 No.7: 1429-1445
【Title】The energy identity of mountainous areas: the example of Greece
【Author】Nikolas M. KATSOULAKOS1*; Dimitris C. KALIAMPAKOS2
【Addresses】1 National Technical University of Athens, Metsovion Interdisciplinary Research Center, Agias Triados 200, 44200 Metsovo, Greece; 2 National Technical University of Athens, School of Mining and Metallurgical Engineering, Herron Polytechneiou 9, 15780 Zographos, Greece
【Corresponding author】Nikolas M. KATSOULAKOS
【Citation】Katsoulakos NM, Kaliampakos DC(2018) The energy identity of mountainous areas: the example of Greece. Journal of Mountain Science 15(7). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-018-4830-8
【Abstract】Mountainous areas have been long recognized as particularly important for the planet and sustainable mountain development is a global priority. In order to improve the socioeconomic development perspectives of mountain societies, efficient and well-targeted energy strategies should be formed. An important step towards this direction is adequate understanding of local conditions and specific features that affect energy sector. This procedure allows the inclusion of “locality” in energy planning and so, decentralized energy production is facilitated. The present study attempts to determine the particular energy identity of mountainous areas. Greece, which is the second most mountainous country in the EU, has been selected as a case study. Essential features of the mountainous space have been selected, namely altitude, inclination, remoteness, lack of productive activities, old buildings/ vernacular architecture, in order to explore their interrelation with the energy sector. Based on literature review and research findings the interaction between mountainous character and energy is outlined. Therefore, a framework of the characteristics of mountain energy identity is composed, which can provide support to the formation of specialized energy policy for mountainous areas. Some of the main findings of the present study include the significantly increased energy loads of mountainous areas, the abundance of renewable energy potential in high – altitude areas, the vulnerability of mountain societies to energy poverty and the difficulties in sitting energy projects in the restricted usable space of mountains. Since the literature regarding mountains and energy is rather poor the present paper aspires to be a step towards highlighting the importance of energy issues for mountain areas and societies. By determining the features of mountain energy identity energy planning in high – altitude areas and so, helping make energy planning more effective, such research works can be parts of sustainable development strategies for mountainous areas.
【Keywords】Energy demand; Renewable energy potential; Energy poverty; Mountain energy policy; Mountain energy identity