Vol15 No.5: 1115-1128
【Title】Similar simulation device for unloading effect of deep roadway excavation and its application
【Author】DONG Chun-liang1,3*; ZHAO Guang-ming1,2; LU Xiao-yu3 ; MENG Xiang-rui2 ; LI Ying-ming2; CHENG Xiang2
【Addresses】1 Key Laboratory of Safety and High-efficiency Coal Mining, Ministry of Education, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan 232001, China; 2 School of Mining and Safety, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan 232001, China; 3 School of Mechanics and Photoelectric Physics, Anhui University of science and Technology, Huainan 232001, China
【Corresponding author】DONG Chun-liang
【Citation】Dong CL, Zhao GM, Lu XY, et al. (2018) Similar simulation device for unloading effect of deep roadway excavation and its application. Journal of Mountain Science 15(5). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-017-4784-2
【Abstract】The unloading effect of the excavation of deep roadways has been considerably studied, but most research methods have been limited to numerical simulations and field measurements. Only a few have adopted experimental methods for similar simulations. On the basis of the theory of mechanics, the testing system is designed consideringinitial geostressand dynamic unloading. The system includes an impact unloading gear and in-situ stress loading equipment, and a designed three-link structure and the impact hammer can effectively realize the dynamic excavation of roadways. Meanwhile, acyclic excavation similar simulation experiment on a deep roadway is conducted in a laboratory.The testing system and the relevant monitoring facilities are utilized, and the unloading effect inside the surrounding rock under the cyclic dynamic excavation is studied. Results show that the cyclic dynamic excavation causes significant unloading only in the nearby rock mass, and the unloading indicators show nonlinear changes. Moreover, when the lateral pressure coefficient is 1.2, the damage is concentrated on both roadsides due to the excavation unloading. Meanwhile, the damage gradually decays as the span increases.
【Keywords】Excavation unloading in deep roadways; Unloading effect; Damage of surrounding rock; Circular excavation; Unloading index