Vol15 No.1: 100-113
【Title】The siltation of debris flow behind check dam in the midstream of Bailong River
【Author】YUAN Dong1,2,3; LIU Jin-feng1, 2*; YOU Yong1,2; LIU Dao-chuan1,2,3; SUN Hao1,2,3; ZHANG Li1,2,3; ZHOU Wen-bing1,2,3
【Addresses】1 Key Laboratory of Mountain Hazards and Earth Surface Process, CAS, Chengdu 610041, China; 2 Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS, Chengdu 610041, China; 3 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
【Citation】Yuan D, LIU JF, You Y, et al. (2018) The siltation of debris flow behind check dam in the midstream of Bailong River. Journal of Mountain Science 15(1). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-017-4484-y
【Abstract】Siltation gradient and siltation length are important parameters for designing gravity check dams for debris flows, which directly affect the accuracy of estimates of interception capacity. At present, siltation gradient calculations are based primarily on empirical values, and range from 0.4 to 0.95 times the channel slope coefficient. The middle reaches of the Bailong River are one of the four areas in China that are most severely affected by debris flow hazards. Gravity dams are widely employed in this mountainous area. However, field studies of their capacity are lacking. In this paper, the operations of check dams were investigated. Based on field investigation results and theoretical analysis, calculations for siltation gradient, siltation length, and dam storage capacity are established. The impact of debris flow density, channel slope, and particle size weight percentages are discussed. The calculations show that the theoretical values for siltation gradient are consistent with measured values with 83.6% accuracy; and theoretical values of siltation length are consistent with measured values with 91.6% accuracy.The results of this research are an important reference for optimal height and spacing of dams, estimation of dam storage capacity,and disaster prevention.
【Keywords】Debris flow; Check dam; Siltation gradient; Siltation length; Disaster prevention engineering