Rolling motion behavior of rockfall on gentle slope: an experimental approach Rolling motion behavior of rockfall on gentle slope: an experimental approach

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Vol14 No.8: 1550-1562

Title】Rolling motion behavior of rockfall on gentle slope: an experimental approach

AuthorCUI Sheng-hua; PEI Xiang-jun*; HUANG Run-qiu

AddressesState Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention and Geoenvironment Protection, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059, China

Corresponding authorpeixj0119@tom.com

CitationCui SH, Pei XJ, Huang RQ (2017) Rolling motion behavior of rockfall on gentle slope: an experimental approach. Journal of Mountain Science 14(8). DOI: 10.1007/s11629-016-4144-7

DOI10.1007/s11629-016-4144-7

AbstractThe effects of slope surface material, slope gradient, block shape, and block mass conditions on rockfall rolling velocity were estimated with orthogonal test approach. Visual analysis showsthat the importance of the factors is slope surface material > slope gradient > block shape > block mass. All the factors except block mass have the F value greater than the critical value,suggesting that these three factors are the key factors affecting the rockfall rolling velocity. Factor interaction analysis shows that the effect of the slope gradient relies largely on the slope surface conditions, and the block shape has littleinfluenceif the slope gradient is larger than a critical value. An empirical model considering the three key factors is proposed to estimate the rolling velocity, of which the error islimited to 5% of the testing value. This model is validated by 73 field tests, and the prediction showsexcellent correlation with the site test. Thus, this analysis can be used as a tool in the rockfall behavior analysis.

KeywordsRockfall; Rolling motion; Experiment approach; Gentle slope; Orthogonal test