ZHOU Jianwei, FENG Bin, WU Hua, XU Tong, CHEN Linna, ZHAO Xinyong, GUO Qiyun, LI Jiatong, ZHANG Chenguang, ZHU Kangcheng, KONG Yuzhong. 2024: Spatio-temporal evolution and topographic gradient effect of land use and ecosystem service value in the Lhasa River Basin. Journal of Mountain Science, 21(6): 2059-2074. DOI: 10.1007/s11629-023-8570-z
Citation: ZHOU Jianwei, FENG Bin, WU Hua, XU Tong, CHEN Linna, ZHAO Xinyong, GUO Qiyun, LI Jiatong, ZHANG Chenguang, ZHU Kangcheng, KONG Yuzhong. 2024: Spatio-temporal evolution and topographic gradient effect of land use and ecosystem service value in the Lhasa River Basin. Journal of Mountain Science, 21(6): 2059-2074. DOI: 10.1007/s11629-023-8570-z

Spatio-temporal evolution and topographic gradient effect of land use and ecosystem service value in the Lhasa River Basin

  • The Lhasa River Basin forms an essential human settlement area in the southern part of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. This study employed ecosystem service value (ESV) evaluation model, terrain gradient grading, and Geodetector to analyze land use and ESV in the Lhasa River Basin from 1985 to 2020. The findings reveal that: (1) From 1985 to 2020, grassland was the dominant land use. There was a trend of grassland reduction and the expansion of other land types. (2) ESV has increased over the research period (with a total increase of 0.84%), with higher values in the southeast and lower values in the northwest. Grassland contributed the most to ESV, and climate regulation and hydrological regulation were the ecosystem services that contribute the most to ESV. (3) Natural factors like NDVI and altitude, as well as economic factors like population density and distance from roads, influenced the spatial differentiation of ESV, the explanatory power of NDVI reached up to 0.47. The interaction between factors had a greater impact than individual factors. These research results can provide theoretical support for national spatial planning and ecological environment protection in the Lhasa River Basin and other similar areas.
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