LI Jun, XIA Hongxuan, JIANG Jinge, XU Weifeng, WEN Di, XU Junfeng. 2024: Spatiotemporal changes in sunshine duration and its influential factors in Chongqing, China from 1961 to 2020. Journal of Mountain Science, 21(6): 2005-2024. DOI: 10.1007/s11629-023-8439-1
Citation: LI Jun, XIA Hongxuan, JIANG Jinge, XU Weifeng, WEN Di, XU Junfeng. 2024: Spatiotemporal changes in sunshine duration and its influential factors in Chongqing, China from 1961 to 2020. Journal of Mountain Science, 21(6): 2005-2024. DOI: 10.1007/s11629-023-8439-1

Spatiotemporal changes in sunshine duration and its influential factors in Chongqing, China from 1961 to 2020

  • The surface solar radiation in most parts of the world has undergone a phenomenon known as global dimming and brightening, characterized by an initial decrease followed by an increase. As a result, the sunshine duration (SD) has decreased in the past 60 years. Against the backdrop of global dimming and brightening, SD has decreased to varying degrees in many regions of China. Using the observed data of SD, cloud amount (total cloud amount and low cloud amount, abbreviated as TCA and LCA), precipitation, and relative humidity (RH) from 34 meteorological stations in Chongqing during the period of 1961-2020, along with a digital elevation model (DEM) with a resolution of 90 m, this study analyzed the spatiotemporal variations and influencing factors of SD. The analysis employed methods such as linear regression, Mann-Kendall test, wavelet transformation, and DEM-based possible SD distributed model. The results showed that the annual SD in Chongqing has significantly decreased over the last 60 years, with a decreasing interannual trend rate (ITR) of 40.4 h/10a. Except for no obvious trend in spring, SD decreased significantly in summer, autumn and winter at the ITR of 21.1 h/10a, 8.5 h/10a and 7.5 h/10a, respectively. An abrupt decrease in the annual SD was found in 1979. The difference before and after the abrupt decrease was 177.7 h. The difference before and after the abrupt decrease was 177.7 h. The annual SD possessed the oscillation period of 11a. The spatial heterogeneity of the mean annual SD during the last 60 years was obvious. The distribution of SD in Chongqing is high in the northeast and low in the southeast. In addition, about 73% of the total area in Chongqing showed a significant and very significant decreasing trend. The regions with significant changes are mainly concentrated in the regions with altitudes of 200~1000 m. The increasing LCA was the main cause of the decrease of the annual SD in the regions with 200-400 m altitude decreased the most and changed the most. Increasing LCA is the primary cause of the reduction in annual SD, showing a strong negative correlation coefficient of -0.7292. In Chongqing, PM2.5 concentration showed a significant decrease trend in annual, spring, autumn and winter during 2000-2020, but the significant correlation between PM2.5 concentration and SD was only in autumn and reached an extremely significant level.
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