SUN Xiaoming, WANG Jian, ZHAO Wenchao, MING Jiang, ZHANG Yong, LI Zhihu, MIAO Chengyu, GUO Zhibiao, HE Manchao. 2024: Instability mechanism of mining roadway passing through fault at different angles in kilometre-deep mine and control measures of roof cutting and NPR cables. Journal of Mountain Science, 21(1): 236-251. DOI: 10.1007/s11629-023-8235-y
Citation: SUN Xiaoming, WANG Jian, ZHAO Wenchao, MING Jiang, ZHANG Yong, LI Zhihu, MIAO Chengyu, GUO Zhibiao, HE Manchao. 2024: Instability mechanism of mining roadway passing through fault at different angles in kilometre-deep mine and control measures of roof cutting and NPR cables. Journal of Mountain Science, 21(1): 236-251. DOI: 10.1007/s11629-023-8235-y

Instability mechanism of mining roadway passing through fault at different angles in kilometre-deep mine and control measures of roof cutting and NPR cables

  • The angle α between the fault strike and the axial direction of the roadway produces different damage characteristics. In this paper, the research methodology includes theoretical analyses, numerical simulations and field experiments in the context of the Daqiang coal mine located in Shenyang, China. The stability control countermeasure of "pre-splitting cutting roof + NPR anchor cable" (PSCR-NPR) is simultaneously proposed. According to the different deformation characteristics of the roadway, the faults are innovatively classified into three types, with α of type Ⅰ being 0°-30°, α of type Ⅱ being 30°-60°, and α of type Ⅲ being 60°-90°. The full-cycle stress evolution paths during mining roadway traverses across different types of faults are investigated by numerical simulation. Different pinch angles α lead to high stress concentration areas at different locations in the surrounding rock. The non-uniform stress field formed in the shallow surrounding rock is an important reason for the instability of the roadway. The pre-cracked cut top shifted the high stress region to the deep rock mass and formed a low stress region in the shallow rock mass. The high prestressing NPR anchor cable transforms the non-uniform stress field of the shallow surrounding rock into a uniform stress field. PSCR-NPR is applied in the fault-through roadway of Daqiang mine. The low stress area of the surrounding rock was enlarged by 3-7 times, and the cumulative convergence was reduced by 45%-50%. It provides a reference for the stability control of the deep fault-through mining roadway.
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